Music is an underutilised tool when it comes to steering curricula away from strictly Western and colonial models.
For a musician anywhere, surviving and prospering within the genre called jazz has never been easy, and it still isn't.
The n-word is a means through which hip hop reminds white listeners of the chasm of culture and experience between them and black America.
A greater synergy between academics and practitioners is needed to progress hip hop for it to be taken seriously as a core area for study.
Whether it is art or pop, high or low, terms such as creativity, authenticity, innovation and uniqueness can help us judge a work of music. And Kendrick Lamar's DAMN. brims with these qualities.
Something really magical is happening at the intersection between jazz and hip-hop at the moment. Many of the artists involved will be playing at Africa’s foremost jazz festival.
In a gloomy year filled, a number of artists with an Afrofuturist perspective gave hope with inspired works of art.