Kyrgyz women have gradually replaced men in various tasks, at home but also as migrant labourers.
Traditional notions of femininity and masculinity are in conflict, resulting in a surge of violence against Kyrgyz women.
A bridge too far?
China's One Belt, One Road initiative is holding international summit in Beijing, but no Western leaders have said they are coming yet.
The aftermath of an anti-terrorist raid in Bishkek, Kyrgyzstan.
Islamic State has been spreading its influence beyond the Middle East – and Central Asia could be in the firing line.
Vladimir Putin and friends at the Collective Security Treaty Organization (CSTO) summit in September 2015.
EPA/Mikhail Klimentyev/Ria Novosti
A renewed security focus on Afghanistan is part of Vladimir Putin's plan to re-energise Russia's vision of a 'Greater Eurasia'.