Firms with a focus on the domestic and regional market have an incentive to distribute their medicines effectively. Local production can create a win-win situation for health and employment.
The downturn in the commodity boom will not automatically lead to diversification of Africa's economies. This can only be achieved through a focus on creating learning economies driven by innovation.
A central goal of Thabo Mbeki’s African Renaissance was the right of African people to determine their own future. But the country he governed struggled to embrace his pan-African vision.
Successful economies are led by innovation and driven by knowledge. For Africa to advance, it needs to make more substantial investments in its research and development sector.
Higher education can play a key role in pursuing the United Nations' Sustainable Development Goals. Collaboration will be crucial.