South Africa has been dubbed “the rape capital of the world”.
South Africa has tended to prioritise race relations over gender relations since formal apartheid ended.
Antiretroviral treatment prevents the virus from multiplying and prolongs the lives of HIV positive people.
HIV self-testing is a potential strategy to overcome access to testing. However, there are emerging concerns on the lack of counselling, possible user error and accuracy of the kits.
Affordable tractors improved food security in Nigeria
Mugisha Don de Dieu/Flickr
There were some African food security initiatives from 2017 that deserve a special mention for the precedent they set.
There are differences in the smoking patterns of rural and urban communities. These must be recognised and included in tobacco control interventions to reduce use.
Kenyan-born Calestous Juma, Professor of the Practice of International Development, Harvard Kennedy School, Harvard University, was passionate about finding solutions to Africa’s big challenges. He was…
When there are two malaria prevention interventions available people don't take an either or approach -- they consider that the two interventions are complementary.
More than 70% of Rwanda’s population are subsistence farmers.
Findings from several scientific studies show the real impact of Rwanda's agricultural policies and the challenges it faces.
A nurse weighs a baby at a clinic in Accra, Ghana.
For healthcare to be accessible, affordable and equal, policies and programmes that promote universal health coverage need to be based on evidence.
Most malaria cases and deaths occur in sub-Saharan Africa.
After an exceptional period of success in global malaria control, the progress has stalled. New strategies are needed to suit a variety of transmission patterns.
Seeds and cereals are assessed in in laboratories to check the quality of the grains.
African countries, like Nigeria and Ethiopia, increased their food production using a system-wide approach, and not the traditional reliance on isolated projects.
South Africa's data rollout of its pre-exposure prophylaxis shows that there is a relatively slow, but increasing, uptake. However, more needs to be done to target young women.
In rural areas where there are often fewer healthcare professionals available, traditional healers can have a role to play in promoting HIV treatment.
Three new HIV vaccine concepts which rely on high-tech designer proteins are being trialled to see if they can stop the virus.
HIV cells (in red) attacking an organism.
Understanding where there are high numbers of new HIV infections is important to establishing whether interventions are working or not.
There are several challenges that South Africa needs to address to bring HIV under control.
South Africa has made tremendous progress towards meeting the 90-90-90 targets but there are some challenges preventing it from reaching the goals set by UNAIDS.
South Africa has one last hurdle to cross before it implements a sugar tax to prevent a wide-range of obesity related non-communicable diseases.
An aerial view, using drones, could make a big difference to mapping land across Africa.
Creating a reliable, up to date land register is important for African countries. Drones can help collect and record the necessary data.
To get an effective vaccine for HIV/AIDS, scientists need to understand exactly how the virus works and immune system responds to it. African scientists have come one step closer.
Makame Makame from the Zanzibar Malaria Elimination Programme holds one of the drones used to map malaria vectors.
Epidemiologists and public health managers are looking to complement indoor-based malaria solutions with those that focus on the outdoors. Drones are a crucial part of their armoury.
Stigma stops people from getting tested for HIV, and staying on their treatment. Unless it's addressed, the AIDS epidemic will persist.