Africa's current situation has a parallel in European history - the Reformation and the changes it wrought in terms of language exceptionalism.
Churches started to use ashes early as the ninth century as a symbol of repentance. In 1091, Pope Urban II ritualized their use to mark the beginning of Lent. Today, churches provide 'ashes to go.'
Two revolutions, 400 years apart, set in chain processes that claimed millions of lives.
In the early 1900s, a group of Protestants in the US attempted a reunion of Christianity. They failed, of course, but they prompted a new dialogue.
For medieval cultures, the dying process and death itself was a 'transition,' not a rupture.
University degrees perform the same function in 2017 as indulgences did in 1517.
Meet Jakob Fugger, the man who underwrote the ambition of power-hungry medieval Princes.
The word Europe only appears ten times in the works of William Shakespeare.
The Archbishops of Canterbury and York have called for repentence for the divisions caused by the schism between the Protestant and Catholic faiths.
Martin Luther King Jr. used a prophetic voice in his preaching -- a hopeful voice that addressed human tragedy. But it was the black clerics who came before him, who helped King develop that voice.