Throughout the entire period, central political power has been almost absolute.
Political ethics and sports don't match well. The recent deal between Rwanda and Arsenal is potentially a case in point.
The Rwandan model can't be replicated easily given that it depends heavily on political dominance and tight, centralised control of patronage networks.
The next Rwandan presidential election will take place in a week's time. Incumbent Paul Kagame will be the certain victor, but a few other candidates have thrown their hats in the ring.
Even with the end of the war in central Africa, continuing instability in the region has triggered an epidemic of rape.
The reality of Rwanda is that there is no viable alternative to President Paul Kagame, within or outside his ruling RPF. Political rivals have died, are jailed, or have fled the country.
Paul Kagame, the President of Rwanda, has carefully orchestrated a constitutional reform that allows him to remain in power for the next 18 years.