America's answer to Kafka and Dostoevsky gets real at the Edinburgh International Festival.
The International Criminal Court has told Malian radical Ahmad al-Faqi al-Mahdi to pay €2.7m in reparations for an attack on the world heritage site.
A burnt ancient manuscript at the Ahmed Baba Centre for Documentation and Research, in Timbuktu.
The ICC sentence against Al-Mahdi for destroying ancient artifacts at Timbuktu sends the right message that the international community will not tolerate the destruction of heritage sites.
Author Christine Qunta says forgiveness trumps justice in South Africa.
Qunta advocates a reparations fund to accelerate corrective policies, that schools be freed from colonial indoctrination and that African culture should be mainstreamed, especially African languages.
A traditional clay minaret stands in the Malian city of Timbuktu. Structures such as these are being destroyed as a result of conflict.
Africa is losing rich heritage and historical structures through conflict.