Jacob Zuma, president of South Africa. There are renewed calls for citizens to directly elect their president and other representatives.
Changing the South African system to allow for direct election would require the country to look carefully at how a directly elected president should be held accountable to parliament.
Kenyan opposition supporter is confronted by policy during clashes in Nairobi.
Elections, even free and competitive ones, don't always mean that a country is more democratic. Instead of weakening the elite’s grip on power, elections might actually make them stronger.
Kenya’s National Super Alliance opposition leader, Raila Odinga.
Raila Odinga has been at the forefront of the struggle for democracy and upholding the rule of law in Kenya. His latest battles are bound to cement his legacy as a progressive force for good.
An opposition supporter in Nairobi’s Mathare area.
Key institutions steering Kenya’s election have evidently broken down, leaving the country open to an iron fist to reestablish political stability by any means necessary.
Kenyan opposition leader Raila Odinga announced his exit from the re-run of the presidential election scheduled for October 26.
Kenya’s upcoming poll will continue despite opposition leader Raila Odinga's decision to exit lawful processes prematurely. This will mean Kenyatta will likely win his second term in a row.
A supporter of the opposition leader Raila Odinga faces off against riot police officers during a protest in Nairobi.
Elections in Kenya are never just a matter of casting ballots. Historically, they have been marred by ethno-political violence, exacerbated by vigilantes and militias deployed by politicians.
President Uhuru Kenyatta and contender Raila Odinga in happier times. The two are now embroiled in a bitter political contest.
Democracy doesn't seem to work within societies governed by politics of ethnicity. Instead, elections continue to offer up the hard choice between electoral credibility and political stability.
Kenya’s Supreme Court judges preside before delivering the judgment that nullified last month’s presidential election
Kenya's electoral commission faced many legal challenges before the general election, and yet another after the poll. But how will the Supreme Court's historic ruling impact the country's democracy?
Kenyan opposition leader Raila Odinga reacts after the Supreme Court declares the election invalid.
Kenya's Supreme Court landmark ruling has opened the door to robust conversation around the country's nascent democracy, paving the way for rule of law and stronger institutions.
Kenya’s Supreme Court President and Chief Justice David Maraga (centre) nullified the presidential election.
For decades, power in Kenya has lain with the government and administrative organisations that serve it. The Supreme Court's decision calling for a new election suggests that this may have changed.
Opposition Kenyan leader Raila Odinga speaks out after the election was declared invalid.
By failing to provide details on what invalidated Kenya's election, the country's Supreme Court has created an impossible timeline for organising re-elections within 60 days.
An elderly woman votes in Kenya. The presidential results have since been contested.
Kenya's recently concluded general election has been described as a mixed bag of highs and the lows being the deadly clashes.
People queued to cast their votes in Kenya’s election. The final results have yet to be released.
Despite concerns about corruption, the high cost of living and a stagnating economy, Kenyans may have handed Uhuru Kenyatta a second term.
The Singaporean model of 'democracy' is very much in vogue among sub-Saharan countries.
AMISOM and Somalia army soldiers after their advance on three Al-Shabaab controlled towns in the Lower Shabelle region.
AU-UN IST Photo / Tobin Jones
It's unclear exactly when Kenya's next president will begin the process of withdrawing troops from Somalia. If it's too rushed, the move might destabilise the region.
Rwandan presidential candidate, Frank Habineza, waves to supporters.
With frequent irregularities, it's easy to become cynical about elections in Africa. But polls are an essential component of the continent's growing democracy.
Despite their scepticism, Kenyan voters come out in large numbers to cast their ballots.
Kenya's history of electoral problems is interwoven with a political drama which pits one dynasty against another in a rivalry that goes back more than 50 years.
Election campaign posters in Kibera slum, Nairobi, ahead of the upcomig polls.
The two main candidates in Kenya's election are incumbent Uhuru Kenyatta and the opposition's Raila Odinga. Polls have them neck-and-neck. Here's what you need to know about the key issues.
The East African Community flag.
Integration within the East African Community has been sticky. The fact that Kenya's main political parties haven't spelled out their policies on the community in their manifestos is a worry.
Rivals in the Kenya election Uhuru Kenyatta (left) and Raila Odinga.
Although some complain that the differences between Kenyatta and Odinga are more rhetorical than real, one thing is clear: Kenyans have a real choice to make at the ballot box.