Africa has focused on tackling undernutrition caused by low calorie diets.
Policy choices made by Senegal, Ghana, Rwanda, Angola, Cameroon, Ethiopia and Togo over the past 15 years have led to significant reductions in child undernourishment.
A Malawian woman carries a bag of maize meal.
Reuters/ Mike Hutchings
Many people in a large number of low and middle income countries now experience a 'double burden' of malnutrition.
An unacceptably high proportion of children in South Africa live in poor conditions.
Inequalities in the nutritional status of poor and rich have been mitigated through various social protection policies, but children in South Africa remain at risk of malnutrition.
In many rural areas, poor people are suffering from malnutrition, which takes the form of stunting and obesity. To change this, their food environments must change.
School nutrition programmes help reduce the risk of children developing obesity.
Tiger Brands Foundation
In-school nutrition programmes can reduce the chances of children suffering from childhood obesity.
Kenya’s nutrition plan has resulted in dramatic improvements in its nutrition targets.
Reuters/Mohamed Nureldin Abdallah
Over the last three years Kenya has seen marked improvements in its nutrition-related targets as a result of a national nutrition plan it has implemented.
A health worker measures an infant’s growth. Children who are undernourished in their first 1000 days of life, could suffer from stunting later.
2014 Global Communities, Courtesy of Photoshare
Research around the importance of the first 1000 days has been gaining traction. The latest links stunting to malnutrition in children.
The issue of nutrition among South Africa’s youth is complex and has elements of both under and over nutrition that need to be tackled.
There are two extremes of malnutrition at play among South Africa's youth - both under nutrition and over nutrition.