Furious winds keep the McMurdo Dry Valleys in Anarctica free of snow and ice. Calcites found in the valleys have revealed the secrets of ancient subglacial volcanoes.
Melting ice from Antartica could feed vast plankton blooms, trapping carbon in the ocean. To understand this complex mechanism, researchers looked at volcanoes deep under glaciers.
A tank can give a good idea of what will happen out in the wild.
A new study suggests the benefits of a boost to marine plant growth from increased carbon dioxide will be cancelled out by the increased stress to fish species.
Four organisms that show nature isn't so easily categorised.
We think of coral reefs as a diverse ecosystem, but each coral is an entire and complex microworld of organisms imperceptible to our eyes.
Just like humans, corals live with myriad microscopic organisms. We are just starting to understand this unseen world.
Some midge species can act as an early warning system.
Populations of certain species collapse long before a wider ecological disaster, says new research.
A mass proliferation of
Noctiluca scintillans, a red tide forming dinoflagellate at Clovelly Beach, NSW. It can form dense aggregations that deplete oxygen and produce ammonia.
They give us part of the air we breathe but microscopic phytoplankton can also be toxic. They are also on the move thanks to climate change so a new Australian database hopes to monitor any changes.
Corals north of Cairns have been hit hardest by the recent bleaching.
AAP Image/ARC Centre of Excellence for Coral Reef Studies, James Kerry
An estimated one-third of corals have now died in the parts of the Great Barrier Reef hit hardest by bleaching, meaning recovery could take years or even decades.
The economics of making biofuels from algae no longer add up, but a lesson from the oil industry could make them viable.
Bleached coral can take on luminously beautiful pink and purple hues - but don’t be deceived, these corals are under stress.
The bleaching hitting the Great Barrier Reef not only harms corals. As these close-up photos show, it also deprives many other species of a home and livelihood.
Algae in water and soils can be a great forensic tool.
We are only just starting to understand the potential of microscopic algae as forensic evidence.
The vivid pink pools of Western Australia’s Hutt Lagoon are the world’s largest algae farm.
Steve Back (used with permission)
We have the technology to make oil from algae, rather than digging up crude oil from organisms that lived billions of years ago. But bringing it to market will take a force of economic and political will.
Food security is threatened when irrigation systems get worn out by biofouling as a result of smart dirt.
Smart dirt is made up of those germs clinging to the surfaces around us that have become resistant to the chemicals normally used to get rid of them.
Spot the algae.
Algae isn’t just found in your garden pond or local river. Sometimes it explodes into vast “blooms” far out to sea, that can be the size of a small country. Such algal blooms can match even a rainforest…
Enormous algal blooms off Cornwall, which can lead to low oxygen waters.
The world’s oceans are plagued with the problem of “dead zones”, areas of high nutrients (such as nitrogen and phosphorus) in which plankton blooms cause a major reduction of oxygen levels in the water…
A step in the transition from free-living species to parasite has been identified in insect guts. A research team led by…
Researchers are using a combination of nanotechnology and algae fossils to develop a chemical-free way to protect stored…
Algae can produce up to 700% more compounds when tricked to stay awake, according to new research conducted by Vanderbilt…
The dark waters under Antarctic ice are home to many unique species.
It is no secret that climate change is transforming the polar regions. Retreating glaciers, melting ice-caps and changing sea ice patterns are frequently reported in both the Arctic and Antarctic, and…
Researchers are now able to determine the amounts of gel produced from sea ice microbes, based on the physical nature of…
These blue-green algae - cyanobacteria - would be the only winners from a warming ocean.
Global warming is having a significant impact on marine life, as many marine organisms are adapted to live only within the average temperature range of their habitats. This applies to larger fish and sea…