A fragment of an ancestral Pueblo jar dating to c. A.D. 1150.
Keith Kintigh, Arizona State University
Only a small fraction of the data from archaeological fieldwork is made accessible to the public or preserved for future research.
What happens next?
Destruction from The Course of Empire by Thomas Cole, 1836, via Wikimedia.
Once Britain slipped away from the Roman Empire in the early 5th century, signs of Roman life began to disappear.
Remains of meals at Haua Fteah cave reveal a lot about past climates in in the Gebel Akhdar region of Libya.
Archaeologists are trash sifters. They use clues preserved in artefacts, plant and animal remains that people threw away or left behind to reconstruct the past.
Nimble-fingered Neanderthals went about their daily business in a similar way to modern humans.
A replica of HMB Endeavour in 2011.
As the first European seafaring vessel to reach the east coast of Australia, the Endeavour – much like James Cook himself – has become part of Australia’s national mythology.
Ammunition found at a mounted police camp at Eyre Creek.
For 60 years, native police were deployed in Queensland to 'disperse' Aboriginal communities (a euphemism for systematic killing). Unearthing their camps is a key part of reckoning with the violence of those times.
Cotton grass on restored areas of Hatfield Moors, South Yorkshire © Peter Roworth
A lesser known aspect of bogs is their remarkable potential to preserve both environmental and archaeological records.
Unseen from ground level, this Iron Age farmstead with recognisable round house near the Yorkshire Wolds is revealed in cropmarks. The lighter green shows it was carefully placed on a gravel rise surrounded by wetter land, shown here where the crop grows a darker green.
A hot summer reveals hidden history beneath the dried-out fields - but only when seen from the air.
A bough shelter made for the funeral of W. Willika in the remote Northern Territory community of Barunga.
Photo: Claire Smith
In remote Northern Territory, most Aboriginal people have been buried in unmarked graves. Archaelogists are carrying out painstaking detective work to help communities find their loved ones' remains.
Coming together for a solstice feast in ancient Peru.
How did civilization emerge from small groups of hunter-gatherers? Some archaeologists focus on cooperation as the vital ingredient – and find evidence for it in the form of feast-related artifacts.
Excavations on the site of Rome's greatest natural disaster can tell us a lot about attitudes to death.
Spear in hand.
Matteo De Stefano/MUSE
Neanderthals used spears as hunting weapons by throwing or thrusting, according to a new study.
© Museum of London
New research has rubbished perceptions of Roman Britain as a region inhabited solely by white Europeans.
Agatha Christie Trust
How 4,000-year-old papyrus letters prompted the queen of crime fiction to write Death Comes as the End.
Piazza del Popolo.
From the Temple of Heliopolis to the centre of Rome, the massive stone column has boosted the egos of several powerful men.
Sunrise at noon in the Arctic. Little exposure to sun was a piece of the genetic puzzle.
Bering Land Bridge National Preserve
Why was one gene mutation that affects hair, teeth, sweat glands and breasts ubiquitous among ice age Arctic people? New research points to the advantage it provided for ancestors of Native Americans.
Sea War Museum
Raising U-3523 wouldn't be worth the incredible cost.
Some of the artefacts found after disappearing from the National Museum of Iraq.
Looting of Iraq's national museum began on April 10, 2003. At least half of the artefacts taken remain missing and disturbingly, the illegal trade in stolen antiquities has grown in the years since.
: Ian Cartwright/Michael Petraglia/Palaeodeserts Project
How we found the oldest human fossil ever discovered outside Africa and the Levant.
Who gets to decide for the dead, such as this Egyptian mummy?
AP Photo/Ric Feld
Are DNA samples today's version of the human skeletons that hung in 20th-century natural history museums? They can provide genetic revelations about our species' history – but at an ethical price.