A colour portrait of Maria Sibylla Merian by Dutch artist Jacobus Houbraken, circa 1700.
Maria Sibylla Merian's meticulous observations laid the groundwork for the fields of entomology, animal behaviour and ecology. But the legacy of this scientific superhero has been sidelined by sexism.
Scientists are raising Miami blue butterflies in captivity and reintroducing them in south Florida.
Jeff Gage/Florida Museum of Natural History
How do you pack butterflies for shipping, or frogs for an overland hike to a new habitat? Three scientists explain how they keep threatened species safe on the road and in the air.
Evidence-based advice from experts on how to make your garden a friendly environment for pollinators.
Inside the pupa (or chrysalis), the caterpillar actually turns to liquid as it transforms into a butterfly or moth.
Scientists were not sure if an adult butterfly could remember things it learned as a caterpillar. Then a study by a team of US scientists found something very interesting.
There are countless nanoscopic architectures in nature, creating iridescence, sticky feet, magnetic navigation – and more.
More and more evidence shows evolution isn't as random as often thought.
A giant swallowtail butterfly feeds from the flower of an alternate-leaved dogwood.
We're in the middle of an Insectageddon. But a garden of native plants can help insects, as well as birds and other wildlife.
Lepidoptera insects are at least 70m years older than we previously knew.
Scottish beeches – the slowest invasion in history?
Beeches are 'non-native' to Scotland because they got there less than 7,000 years ago. No, really.
“Fluttering” of butterflies is often a nervous response.
We asked an expert to explain why we get that odd fluttering feeling when we are nervous.
Honeybees aren’t the only wildlife affected by pesticides – wild bees and butterflies also feel the effect.
Wild bee image from www.shutterstock.com
Two new studies have linked controversial pesticides neonicotinoides to wild bee and butterfly declines.
New research shows that street lighting changes the activity of moths, and is likely to disrupt nocturnal pollination.
What’s hiding in your garden this summer?
Have a look in your garden - you might be surprised at some of the native animals that thrive there when the weather's hot.
Curiosity saved the butterfly.
Sometimes pure curiosity driven research can yield wondrous knowledge and practical benefits, as was the case with the large blue butterfly.
The peacock butterfly, found in Europe and temperate Asia.
Charles J Parker
Climate change means droughts will become more frequent, and butterflies will be particularly affected.
What do collections of dead butterflies do for their still-living counterparts?
Andrew D Warren
The dead animal specimens that comprise natural history collections contribute a lot toward scientific understanding of their still-living counterparts – and those that have gone extinct.
I haven’t forgotten.
The striking transformation of a caterpillar into a colourful, winged butterfly is one that has captivated scientists for years. The metamorphosis involves the breakdown of most of the caterpillar’s tissues…
The “Tree of Lepidoptera” - comprising butterflies, moths and related species - has been mapped back to their earliest common…
Monarch butterflies navigate using a light-dependent magnetic compass. Patrick Guerra from University of Massachusetts Medical…
Monarch butterfly: not scared of wearing bold colours.
Monarch butterflies are known for their striking flame-orange and black appearance, and especially for their mass migration in their millions to spend winters in the mountain forests of Mexico. But despite…