Keur Gui - Thiat, left, and Kilifeu, right.
The international community has failed to recognise the new political visions being articulated by young musicians and activists across Africa.
A.B. Original member Briggs performs at the 2017 ARIA Awards.
AAP Image/David Moir
A.B. Original made waves in 2017, but Indigenous hip hop has flourished since the 1980s.
The Rolling Stones performing in Hamburg during the ‘No Filter’ European tour: the band’s legacy is entwined with the pioneers of black American music.
Morris Mac Matzen/Reuters
Pinching musical phrases and stylistic approaches has always been a part of art making and can be a respectful exchange. But shallow, ill-informed appropriation only perpetuates tired stereotypes.
Joelistics (left) and James Mangohig in In Between Two.
Australian rapper Joelistics and producer James Mangohig bring their family histories to the stage through a breathtaking display of beats, raps and storytelling.
Duo Movaizhaleine and artist Wonda Wendy take a minute’s silence to honor the dead during a concert in Paris, February 2017.
Rap has become instrumental in constructing identity and radically reshaping relations to politics in Gabon and other African states.
Bootlegs - across formats - have experienced buoyancy within the music marketplace for the last 40 years or so.
Bootlegs will continue to be manufactured.
The future of the bootleg might just reinvent the official release.
Jay Z, Beyoncé and daughter Blue Ivy sit court side at a basketball game in New Orleans in Feb. 2017. Jay Z opened up about his relationship with Beyoncé on his new album, “4:44.”
(AP Photo/Gerald Herbert)
In 4:44, his 13th album, Jay-z gets confessional and socio-political, challenging traditional notions of Black male bravado and masculinity.
J Cole at Etihad Stadium in 2014. Cole (aka ‘Therapist’) runs non-profit organisation Dreamville Foundation, and houses single mothers rent-free in his childhood home.
Photo supplied by Michelle Grace Hunder
Hip hop often gets a bad rap but for therapists and teachers it can be a transformative tool.
In the work of many rappers today, the legacy of Tupac Shakur lives on.
Tupac's sensitivity, intelligence and creativity confronted the hostile forces that antagonized black youth across the country in the 1970s and 1980s.
Former James Brown drummer Clyde Stubblefield playing in 2005.
The recently deceased funk drummer Clyde Stubblefield created arguably the most sampled drum track in the history of popular music – but he rarely got the credit, or the payment, he deserved.
Ben Birchall/PA Wire
Skepta's Mercury Prize win has put grime – and youth culture – in the spotlight.
Government shows offer relatively regular income with access to big crowds.
Music and politics have long been intertwined and political patronage can sometimes lead artists to self-censor. On the other hand, some musicians are just more interested in entertainment than politics.
Through The Lens of Hip-Hop: UK Women.
© Kay Fi'ain
Hip hop is starting to be used in schools and in the community in creative and diverse ways.
Fifteen years ago, The Avalanches won four awards at the 15th Annual ARIA Music Awards. How has music changed in a decade and a half?
AAP Image/Dean Lewins
The Avalanches' legendary first album, Since I Left You, was a modern classic, built from more than 3500 music samples. Sixteen years on, they're finally releasing a second one - but will it resonate in an age when everyone samples?
Heads of state at an African Union session in Addis Ababa. They have signed up to a plan that envisages strengthening institutions and governance.
If the governing ANC ignores the calls for Zuma's resignation,it may undermine South Africa's leadership on the continent. It creates the idea that he can undermine the constitution with impunity.
The Imin'esisdenge crew performing at Vukani in Grahamstown.
Hip-hop artists do it differently in a town in one of South Africa's poorest provinces. Eschewing the archetypal hip-hop lifestyle, Grahamstown's rappers propose a surprising alternative.
Q-Tip and Phife Dawg performing in 2013.
Yui Mok/PA Archive
If we can even begin to recognise and celebrate hip hop for what it was, we just may have the beginnings of a suitable epitaph for Phife Dawg.
Kanye functions as a mirror for the most visible and occasionally garish values of his time.
Charles Platiau/ Reuters
Many have long forgotten the simple fact that Kanye West is one of the greatest producers of hip-hop in its history. A decade-long six-album streak of critically acclaimed albums rivals the greatest icons of pop.
Ice-T performing at a music festival.
Californian rap and jazz poetry may sound like an odd mix – but both are rooted in historic inequalities
Jockeying for power in the rap world: earlier this summer Drake and Meek Mill traded barbs.
Drake (on left): Steve Marcus/Reuters; Meek Mill: Kevork Djansezian/Reuters
Taking a lyrical swing at another rapper is part and parcel of the genre. So why the profound backlash when Meek Mill accused Drake of not writing his own lyrics?