The Reconquest set the scene for the rise of Spain and the discovery of the Americas.
After the most recent elections, Catalonia's secessionist coalition is free to form a government. But their president is still exiled in Belgium.
The single biggest party was anti-independence but together, the pro-independence bloc is stronger.
Want to understand the Catalan election? You need to go back a long way.
How to make your holiday better for the environment through sustainable tourism.
Why the international law of self-determination does not support Catalonia's claim of an international right to independence from Spain.
South Africa has some of the highest mobile voice and data costs in the world. A project to deliver affordable services and keep money in communities with high unemployment rates could be the answer.
We need to educate ourselves daily if we aspire to live peacefully in a multicultural society.
With the rise of the knowledge-based economy, fab labs, maker spaces and more, cities are being transformed into production centres. This dynamic movement is ripe with promise, but also has risks.
Contemporary terrorism is rooted in a form of political violence dating from the French Revolution. It is rooted in social facts and is now evolving on a global scale.
We rarely see residents of a city successfully push back in defence of their needs against the power of finance capital, which seeks to make money from the city. But Barcelona shows it can be done.
Barcelona has become the test case for separatists Europe over.
After declaring independence, regional leaders stand accused of rebellion, sedition and embezzlement. But what does that mean?
The situation in Catalonia is ripe for widespread civil disobedience against the Spanish government.
Why the Spanish Prime Minister keeps choosing a strategy of confrontation.
An ousted leader, a divided electorate and the risk of further violence pile on the tension ahead of the December vote.
Move by the senate in Madrid came just after the Catalan parliament voted for independence.
Bid for Catalonian independence brings return of a divided Spain.
Devoting all energies to fight over an imaginary border deflects attention from the real issues.
The Spanish government is dealing with the Catalonian secession movement in entirely the wrong way. But what would getting it right look like?