The TRC’s first hearings in 1996. Left to right: Nomonde Calata, a TRC counsellor, and Nyameka Goniwe.
Jon Hrusa/Sunday Times
Twenty years after the final report of South Africa's Truth Commission, dealing with the past will always remain "unfinished business".
South African journalism is in the spotlight.
South African editors and journalists failed in their ethical contract with society.
Concrete action steps are needed to help reconciliation, says a research team that offers 12 actionable ideas. Here Ben Paul, of the Musqueam First Nation, sings and plays a drum during the Walk for Reconciliation in Vancouver, B.C., on Sept. 24, 2017, held to promote positive relations between Indigenous and non-Indigenous people in Canada.
THE CANADIAN PRESS/Darryl Dyck
It's been three years since the TRC released its report on the lasting impact of residential schools in Canada but responses to the 94 Calls to Action have been slow. A new framework hopes to change that.
A statue of John A. Macdonald in Montreal has been repeatedly vandalized with red paint to symbolize blood. As the debate continues about removing statues, what specific actions are needed to promote reconciliation?
THE CANADIAN PRESS/Graham Hughes
Removing statues of historical figures may be important symbolic statements when it comes to reconciliation, but action on important Indigenous issues like land claims and education are needed more.
In 2016, the Ontario government promised the province’s schools would teach all students about residential schools and add more Indigenous perspectives into the provincial curriculum. The newly elected Conservative government has scrapped those plans.
Library and Archives Canada
Ontario's move to ignore the calls of the Truth and Reconciliation Commission to add Indigenous content to its history and social studies curriculum is foolish and dangerous.
Workers affiliated to the The South African Federation of Trade Unions protest against the proposed minimum wage.
South Africa marks 24 years of freedom amid continuous contests over over governance, economic justice as well as reconciliation and inclusion.
Barney Williams Jr., a residential school survivor, hugs Santa Ono, president of the University of British Columbia, during the opening of the Indian Residential School History and Dialogue Centre at Vancouver, on April 9.
THE CANADIAN PRESS/Ben Nelms
The role of universities in the shameful Indian residential school system needs to be addressed. The president of one of Canada's leading universities explains why it's time to apologize.
Winnie Madikizela-Mandela carved her own political identity in the struggle for freedom.
Winnie Madikizela-Mandela's struggle was for humanity, oftentimes waged in an inhuman way.
Dr. Cindy Blackstock, executive director of the First Nations Child and Family Caring Society, has called on the federal government to stop its chronic underfunding of services for Indigenous children.
THE CANADIAN PRESS/Jeff McIntosh
No project for reconciliation can succeed unless the federal and provincial governments roll back their power and create space for Indigenous control over their own self-determining futures.
Bishop Desmond Tutu during South Africa’s Truth and Reconciliation Commission process.
Inquests into atrocities committed under apartheid are important because many South Africans are beginning to question whether justice was done under the country's truth and reconciliation process.
Archbishop Desmond Tutu celebrated his 86th birthday and the unveiling of an arch in his honour outside St George’s Cathedral in Cape Town.
Emeritus Archbishop Desmond Tutu embraces everything noble in Aristotelian virtue ethics and African philosophical systems alike.
Former policeman Joao Rodrigues giving evidence at the Timol Inquest.
Anthony Schultz/Mail & Guardian
Will the Timol case create the necessary political will to open dozens more inquests into apartheid deaths? Maybe, but government machinery has proven to be rusty and extremely slow.
Archbishop Desmond Tutu ‘s deep spirituality drove him to fight for freedom and justice.
Archbishop Desmond Tutu is first and foremost, a spiritual leader, a man of deep prayer. This motivated his participation in supporting South Africa's liberation struggle.
Archbishop Tutu teaches that punishing wrongdoers, with an eye for an eye, is unjustified.
Filckr/UN Photo/Jean-Marc Ferre
Archbishop Bishop Desmond Tutu is well known for having invoked an ubuntu ethic to evaluate South African society, and he can take substantial credit for having made the term familiar.
Leaders use translators during the inauguration of President Mr João Manuel Gonçalves Lourenço of Angola.
Raising the status of the African languages to that of official languages in South Africa post-1994 led to an explosion of translation and interpreting work in local and foreign languages.
A statue of Confederate General Robert E. Lee is removed on Friday, May 19, 2017, from Lee Circle in New Orleans.
AP Photo/Scott Threlkeld
Monuments to the Confederacy in New Orleans and many other cities are problematic. But a mere erasure will not address the issues around racism and racial inequality.
Rwanda has come a long way since the dark days of 1994 genocide.
The road to reconciliation doesn't begin and end with truth commissions or trials. Change must occur at a systemic level, and communities must commit to rebuilding relationships.
A visitor checks on her family’s plot after more than 170 Jewish headstones were toppled in University City, a suburb of St Louis, Missouri.
The first US Truth and Reconciliation Commission was set up in 1999. Here's why truth commissions matter today.
Students march at South Africa’s Stellenbosch University in 2015. They were seeking a legal right to be taught in English rather than Afrikaans.
Next year South Africa’s Stellenbosch University will celebrate its centenary. A recent conference to discuss the anniversary has reminded everyone present that knowledge is a fickle mistress.
President Barack Obama entering the Oval Office. Americans have not come to terms with deep racial fissures, despite electing a black president.
Since the future is so uncertain, South Africa's best response to Trump's election is to learn the lessons of its causes.