The Houthis belong to the Shiite branch of Islam. The Houthi insurgency began in the early 1990s, spurred in part by growing influence of different Sunni branches of Islam.
The issues that captured the world’s attention this year show the struggle to secure human rights is far from over.
The Obama and Trump administrations have supported a military coalition that has inflicted profound and deadly damage on Yemen. A human rights scholar says the US is complicit in genocide.
When it comes to preventing air strikes on civilians, the law of the arms trade is clear. Why is it so hard for countries to observe it?
Saudi Arabia gets far more out of being close with the UK than vice versa.
The Saudi-Canadian row offers Canada an opportunity to adopt a new Middle East policy based on universal human rights that address the needs of the many and contributes to regional stability.
The ban has major implications for thousands of would-be immigrants from all of the affected countries, except perhaps Venezuela.
Yemen's civil war is a stew of local and foreign interests, from Washington, Saudi Arabia to Iran. And the latest battle may cost the lives of hundreds of thousands of civilians, if not millions.
Public disaffection in Egypt and other Middle Eastern countries betrays deep-seated tensions beneath the surface.
With Iran and India on manoeuvres and the war in Yemen still unfolding, Pakistan's stakes in the Middle East are as high as ever.
Many Yemeni women are not victims of war or just escaping or hiding. In many and contrasting ways they are actively supporting it, and not only on humanitarian grounds.
Yemen now needs a new kind of politics where its people must be allowed to make their own future.
Scotland's former first minister has sparked outrage in the UK with his latest move.
The latest arrests of princes, ministers and military officials in Saudi Arabia might be in the name of anti-corruption but it also serves to bolster the Saudi royal family's power.
There are strong signs that Riyadh has begun a campaign to promote regime change. But the Saudi strategy appears to be backfiring.
When it comes to foreign policy, Saudi Arabia has recently become far more aggressive. A historian of the modern Middle East sees three possible causes for the shift.
771,945 have been infected.
Ship attacks near Yemen last October have implications for missile defence from the Atlantic to the Pacific, from Romania to Japan.
At present, the Middle East and North African region contains 7% of the world's population but only has access to 1.5% of its renewable freshwater supply through rainfall.
The international law on arms transfers is clear: suppliers are at least partly accountable for recipients' human rights violations.