Toxoplasma gondii only reproduces sexually in cats.
The parasite Toxoplasma gondii infects hosts, causes cysts in the brain and changes the behavior of the host. But is the microbe changing the hosts behavior or is the immune system to blame?
Mental health clinics exist in South Africa’s public health sector, but children with ADHD often never reach them.
School children with attention-deficit/ hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) have limited access to care in South Africa's education and health sectors.
For every girl diagnosed with ADHD, up to seven boys are diagnosed. Researchers looked at risk factors, the role of genetics, and mental health for clues.
Does your daughter forget or misplace things all the time? Is she the classroom helper? Assessment scales for ADHD have tended to use data from boys so the signs of ADHD in girls may not be what you expect.
Assessment scales for ADHD have been developed using mostly male research samples. As a result, the behaviours indicating ADHD in girls may not be what you expect.
Planning is important for any teen on their way to college – but for those with disabilities, it’s absolutely imperative.
Numerous measures are in place to help young disabled children thrive, but the transition beyond school can be a difficult one. Here are some tips for families to help their children prepare for life beyond.
Nicky Reilly driven away from court in 2008 where he was charged with preparing to commit acts of terrorism.
People suffering from autism could be far more vulnerable to falling under the spell of terror organisations on the look-out for new recruits.
Balancing and doing tricks requires visual attention.
ThamKC via shutterstock.com
Fidget items can have practical uses that help people calm down and stay focused. The problem with spinners may be that they require visual attention, which can distract users and others nearby.
Elements of the condition are well suited to getting on with business.
Can disturbed sleep patterns have an impact on a child’s ability to acquire language and vocabulary?
Simply being exposed to nature can help children better cope with stress.
Exposure to nature plays a positive role in brain development by providing children with opportunities to take risks, discover new things, and be creative.
Poor sleep can have longer-term effects.
If behavioural sleep problems persist beyond infancy, there could be implications for children’s emotional and attentional development longer term.
Using medicines to stay awake?
College students who take stimulants such as Adderall to get an academic edge might be setting themselves up unknowingly to a vicious cycle of substance abuse and addiction.
A common sight: smartphones at mealtime.
Phones at dinner via shutterstock.com
Anecdotal evidence suggests the pervasiveness of smartphones is making us increasingly distracted and hyperactive. Does research support that conclusion?
Expanding the definitions of disease can cause a cascade of overtesting and overtreatment.
Fort George G. Meade Public Affairs Office/Flickr
The creation of new “pre-conditions” is turning millions of people into patients across the globe.
Do you struggle to keep your attention on the task at hand?
Trying to focus on a task involves attention control – the ability to maintain focus on something over a period of time. What exactly is an attention span? Does it relate to intelligence? Can it change?
The language used to talk about children with disabilities must be changed before attitudes will shift.
Language can be used harmfully to construct categories of others. The words we use in describing children with disabilities need to be examined, challenged - and changed.
Your brain scan told me your mind would wander.
Boy image via www.shutterstuck.com
Particular parts of an individual's brain tend to work together on certain tasks. Researchers can look at these patterns of "functional connectivity" to predict traits – like the ability to pay attention.
Children may be absorbed in figuring out emotions of people important to them.
Why does emotional learning matter for children?
Vasopressin may be used to treat social deficits in children with autism.
kids with ball, from shutterstock.com
Increasing autistic children's levels of vasopressin, a hormone that regulates social behaviour, could help treat the social deficits common to autism, research suggests.
Between now and college years, there are many steps that you can take as a parent.
Graduation image via www.shutterstock.com
Young adults can be easily derailed. Close to 60% students take six years to finish their four-year undergraduate program. How can you help?