Children must be taught to read for comprehension, not just to parrot what they hear.
The problem in learners' reading performance lies in how reading is taught in most South African schools. Learners are not taught to understand the written word and make sense of it for themselves.
A cemetery where victims of the November 24 mosque attack were laid to rest.
Much of Sinai is almost beyond Egyptian state control altogether.
Field Marshal Khalifa Haftar.
The Libyan warlord and presidential hopeful looks likely to avoid a summons to The Hague.
Guests and delegates attend the opening of the Pan African Parliament’s second sitting in Midrand, Johannesburg.
The limited "consultative and advisory powers" of the Pan African Parliament hamper the African Union's ability to achieve a prosperous and peaceful Africa as envisioned in its Agenda 2063.
Soviet troops advancing at Stalingrad.
Two big battles which turned the tide of World War II can tell us a great deal about some important present-day challenges.
Biomedical innovations can work with traditional methods like x-rays to guide doctors’ decisions.
African countries need to start producing and developing their own medical devices. Suitably skilled biomedical engineers are needed for this sort of innovation to take root.
Personal freedoms and self-expression have come under attack.
Saudi Arabia’s King Salman bin Abdulaziz Al Saud on Oct. 5, 2017.
AP Photo/Pavel Golovkin
When it comes to foreign policy, Saudi Arabia has recently become far more aggressive. A historian of the modern Middle East sees three possible causes for the shift.
The Valley of the Kings in ancient Egypt proved a useful testing ground for examples of osteoarthritis.
Bones and texts showed how decades of strenuous hikes led to higher levels of osteoarthritis in workers' knees and ankles in an ancient Egyptian village.
The pyramids of Giza on the outskirts of Cairo, Egypt.
Mohamed Abd El Ghany/Reuters
The belief that ancient Egyptians needed help from supernatural beings to built the Giza pyramids relies, unavoidably, on racism and colonial attitudes.
An Egyptian farmer tries to irrigate his land with water from a well.
Reuters/Mohamed Abd El Ghany
At present, the Middle East and North African region contains 7% of the world's population but only has access to 1.5% of its renewable freshwater supply through rainfall.
The River Nile at Cairo, Egypt.
The urgency of an agreement to reasonably and equitably share benefits on the Nile Basin can't be overstated. It would create a a transparent atmosphere in the countries that depend on the Nile.
Adam Kashmiry and Neshla Caplan play Kashmiry’s past and present selves in Adam.
The protagonists in real-life dramas Adam and Eve both appear on stage.
Saif al-Islam, son of late Libyan leader Muammar Gaddafi.
The news of Saif al-Islam's release should be taken with a pinch of salt. During the past six years of warfare in Libya the fabrication of news has become common practice.
Tut-mania reigned in the 1920s – and keeps returning to haunt us.
A Djibouti soldier along the border with Eritrea after conflict flared in 2008.
Qatar withdrawing its troops has reignited tensions between Eritrea and Djibouti which the UN and African Union are trying to mediate. This comes as Eritrea is also embroiled in the Yemen civil war.
Recent Tunis protests.
Protests in Tunisia and Morocco show underlying causes of the Arab uprisings remain intact.
The skyline of Doha, Qatar.
Gregory Hawken Kramer
Qatar has used its wealth to adopt policies sometimes rivaling Saudi Arabia’s. Think, for example, of the popular Al-Jazeera. Now the Saudis seem determined to limit Qatari influence as much as possible.
Sofia Boutella rises from the dead in The Mummy.
The Mummy, starring Tom Cruise and Russell Crowe, is the latest manifestation of our centuries old fascination with Egypt. But beneath this obsession is a darker story of looting and destruction.
The Palm Sunday bombings of Coptic churches in Egypt last month once again put Islamic terrorism in the spotlight and left officials wondering what can be done to prevent it.
Amr Abdallah Dalsh
Religious state institutions wanting to address the rhetoric of violence in the name of religion must begin by reforming their relationship with the state.