Some prosecutions followed soon after President Cyril Ramaphosa promised accountability for the Marikana massacre.
It would be no surprise if Deputy President Cyril Ramaphosa's claims of the state spying on him turn out to be true. After all, state spy agencies have been abused before in ANC factional battles.
Five years on, no-one has been held to account for the Marikana massacre where 34 miners were shot dead by members of the South African Police Service in a single day.
The reporting of the Marikana massacre was characterised by embedded journalism, sensationalism and polarisation of views. The media became a loudspeaker for powerful political and economic interests.
Did the former union leader, multi-millionaire former businessman and current deputy president of South Africa, Cyril Ramaphosa, have the blood of 34 striking mineworkers on his hands?