Vladimir Lenin and Nadezhda Krupskaya.
Russian revolutionary Nadezhda Krupskaya, like other leading women in the new Stalin-led state, was marginalised. But in her case, because she was Lenin's widow.
Communist Party of Turkey founder Mustafa Suphi (right) met a mysterious fate when he tried to take on the Ankara government.
When push came to shove, Turkey's young Communist Party didn't get the unwavering support from Moscow it might have expected.
Soviet troops advancing at Stalingrad.
Two big battles which turned the tide of World War II can tell us a great deal about some important present-day challenges.
National Council of American-Soviet Friendship
Several key figures travelled to Soviet Russia in its early days to witness the socialist state in action.
Behind the mask.
National Galleries of Scotland
An old Scottish master has revealed its secret after 430 years. What next from art detectives?
Red carnations are laid on the Berlin tomb of German communist leader Rosa Luxemburg during a ceremony to commemorate her death.
If Rosa Luxemburg and her comrades had been successful with their German revolution in 1919, history would most probably have taken a very different course, avoiding the rise of fascism in Europe.
When women are remembered as part of the Communist or any other political tradition it's often as an afterthought, or as part of the support system of the revolution.
Zimbabwean President Robert Mugabe’s clampdown on dissent in Matabeleland claimed up to 20 000 lives.
EPA/Aaron Ufumeli/ Pool
The effects of President Mugabe's post-independence security clampdown that led to the murder of between 10 000 and 20 000 Zimbabweans, known as the Matabeleland massacre, continue to be felt.
The 1976 memorial at the Babi Yar massacre site only recognised Soviet victims, despite the killing of more than 30,000 Jewish people. In 1991 a Jewish memorial was installed nearby.
On September 29 1941, Nazis murdered more than 30,000 Jews in a ravine outside Kiev. Dmitri Shostakovich's 13th Symphony, Babi Yar, is a damning critique of the Soviet Union's lack of recognition of the massacre, and a condemnation of Stalinism.
Who’s inside the hoodie?
The Russian cyberthreat goes back over three decades, extends into the country's educational systems and criminal worlds, and shows no signs of letting up.
Confederate General P.G.T. Beauregard is removed from the entrance to City Park in New Orleans.
A scholar of southern politics finds inspiration in an unexpected place.
Russian President Vladimir Putin speaks to the students on July 21, 2017.
Alexei Nikolsky/via AP
Stepping back from the current crisis in US-Russia relations, a Soviet expert asks: what's in store for Russia in the long term, and is a peaceful transition possible when Putin's gig is up?
Russian President Vladimir Putin attends a wreath-laying ceremony at the Tomb of the Unknown Soldier in Moscow.
AP Photo/Pavel Golovkin
A historian takes us beyond the noise in Washington and examines how US and Russian power and interests compare.
Rebel UNITA troops walk through a field twenty miles from the front line at Munhango, Angola April 29, 1986.
For a military battle whose outcome is still hotly contested 30 years later, the impact was so remarkably clear -- independence for Namibia, peace for Angola and the death knell for apartheid.
Supporters of presidential candidate Moon Jae-in.
North and South Korea explained in four questions and answers.
North Korean leader Kim Jung-un inspects an outpost and Jangjedo defending force.
REUTERS/North Korea's Korean Central News Agency (KCNA)
A scholar who has profiled the likes of Saddam Hussein and Vladimir Putin says there is a method to understanding the madness.
Gone but not forgotten: Alexander Solzhenitsyn’s funeral, 2008.
As Solzhenitsyn saw it, simple truths are always a threat to totalitarianism.
Russia's relationship with the West is on a knife edge after the US bombing of Syria. But the ghosts of Cold War past have lessons for today's political leaders.
Charles Sheeler, American Landscape, 1930. Photo © 2016. Digital image, The Museum of Modern Art, New York/Scala, Florence
The Royal Academy’s two shows allow us to dive into the history of US/Soviet relations at their most vivid.
In Soviet Russia, the science tests you.
When politics meddles with science, it can lead to tragedy, as was the case with Stalin's favourite agricultural biologist Trofim Lysenko and his rival Nikolai Vavilov.