The largest of these frogs could sit happily on your thumbnail. The smallest is just longer than a grain of rice.
From the reappearance of giant bees to sightings of clouded leopards – can we ever be certain that a species has died out?
Taxonomists are becoming as rare as some of the species they work on, and this puts museum collections and conservation efforts under threat and increases the risk of biosecurity incursions.
Most animal groups adopted their shapes quickly but some kept evolving.
How can there be boom in new species discoveries while others are dying out at unprecedented rates?
India's hump-backed mahseer is one of the world's most prized game fish, yet it was a scientific enigma.
There is good news for plant conservation in South Africa and internationally.
Scientists have been naming species after well-known people since the 18th century, often in a bid for publicity. But the issue deserves attention – 400,000 Australian species are yet to be described.
Australian taxonomy resources number around 70 million specimens, valued at over AU$5 billion. That's big science.
Australia's herbaria are a priceless repository, holding around 8 million samples that map historical and current distributions of native and introduced plant species in Australia.
The latest research dismisses the idea that viruses form a fourth type of life.
The way humans see and engage with the natural world is anything but natural.
Four organisms that show nature isn't so easily categorised.
Humans have an innate interest and ability in naming biologically meaningful entities, or species. Taxonomy, then, vies for the title of world's “oldest profession”.
Many scientific names have changed since China's 'protected species list' was last updated in 1989.
You might worry that people care more about what's on their smartphone than what's in their local wildlife park. But what if we could get them to care about both at the same time?
Despite science refuting the existence of different human races, people have used "race" throughout history to divide and denigrate certain people while promoting their claims of superiority.
Forget the pith helmet and butterfly net. Discovering biodiversity now is much more about metagenomics and the 0's and 1's of digital databases.
Plants mentioned in ancient Chinese books helped inspire the latest Nobel Prize for Medicine winner, but testing old remedies isn't as simple as following the recipe.
The dead animal specimens that comprise natural history collections contribute a lot toward scientific understanding of their still-living counterparts – and those that have gone extinct.