Metformin was originally developed from natural compounds found in the plant known as French lilac.
Metformin has been used to treat diabetes since the late 1950s. It is now on the World Health Organisation's List of Essential Medicines needed for a basic health care system.
We are seeing type 2 diabetes more and more in leaner groups at a much younger age.
DAN PELED/AAP Image
We are seeing increasing numbers of young, slim children with type 2 diabetes. This means obesity and lifestyle factors may not be the whole story behind the disease's rising rates.
Footballer Adam Goodes was daring to speak of things that many Australians would prefer to be ignorant of.
Until we see a marked change in the stories that are told, together with a shift from inclusion to social justice, the national story of Australian sport will remain very, very white.
Birth registration is required for many activities throughout a person’s life yet in some states up to 20% of Aboriginal children aren’t registered.
Around 20% of Aboriginal births in Western Australia between 1996 and 2012 weren't registered, new research shows. This has many social and health ramifications for their future.
Birthing on country generally refers to an Aboriginal mother giving birth to her child on the lands of their ancestors.
Where birthing on country is not offered, women leave their families weeks before birth. Or she can choose to give birth in her community without skilled birth attendants, which is risky.
Diabetes is characterised by higher than normal levels of glucose in the blood.
Diabetes is a leading cause of death as well as of heart attacks, strokes, amputations, kidney failure, depression and severe infections – all of which themselves contribute to premature death.
Coronary heart disease is almost always a consequence of atherosclerosis; a build-up of cholesterol and other material in the walls of our arteries.
Heart Attack Heaven/Flickr
Global deaths from heart disease rose from 12.3 million in 1990 to 17.3 million in 2013. Most of the increase occurred in developing countries and in disadvantaged people in developed countries.
Indigenous people have poorer health outcomes than their non-Indigenous counterparts.
Clive Hyde/Northern Territory Government
Indigenous people in Australia and New Zealand, despite the distance separating them and varying histories, have one disturbing issue in common: poor health.
Most heart attacks aren’t ‘massive’.
Most heart attacks are not "massive". In these instances, further tests are necessary and the diagnosis can then become quite challenging.
Some people are sensitive to the effects of food additives.
Mary and Andrew/Flickr
The numbers listed on your packaged foods replace the chemical or common name of food additives. These are used to enhance the colour, flavour, texture or prevent them from spoiling.
From hot to cold and cold to hot, the weather can make a difference to our health.
Changes in temperature and season do affect our health – and not just when the weather turns cold.
Alan Finkel is a well respected member of the Australian scientific community.
AAP Image/Alan Porritt
The scientific community reacts to the news that Dr Alan Finkel has been appointed Australia's New Chief Scientist as of 2016.
Noodle brand was an instant hit in India but the wider issue the country must tackle won't be so quick to solve.
Desk-based office workers should spend at least two hours of their working day standing or moving.
We've known for some time that too much sitting increases your risk of diabetes and heart disease. But until now it's been unclear how much standing during the work day may counter this risk.
Research in mice shows emulsifiers damage the gastrointestinal barrier, allowing bugs to enter the body.
Have you ever wondered what those food additive numbers included in the ingredients list on your food packing were really doing to your body?
Alternating between sitting and standing is best.
It seems the world is finally coming to terms with the fact that humans evolved to stand, not to sit – well, health researchers, savvy office workers and many commuters, at least. The evidence is mounting…
HIV epidemics have grave implications for the world’s Indigenous cultures.
Flickr: j h
Indigenous people are estimated to comprise 4.5% of the total global population. They are often overrepresented in HIV data and recognise themselves as being particularly vulnerable to HIV. In Canada…
Hard to resist?
Insulin is a hormone that helps control glucose (blood sugar) levels in the blood, which tend to increase after meals. People suffering from type-2 diabetes are resistant to the glucose-lowering effects…
They may not cure your cold but they’ll will help you forget your miseries.
Feeling miserable? Is your nose blocked and your throat sore? If not, it will be sometime this winter, probably at least a couple of times. And then someone will probably say at your low ebb that “you…
In the last three decades, obesity has increased in almost every country in the world, among adults and children alike.
An new analysis of world population data shows the number of people across the world who are overweight or obese has grown by 28% in adults and 47% in children in the last 33 years. Among high-income countries…