India does not have an official Africa policy, even though it has been engaging with the continent for over six decades.
The seeds of discord that were planted in independent Togo have resulted in ethnic divisions, and a state that has long been ruled by family. But recent protests could mean things are about to change.
Faced with a massive food production shortfall, Africa can look towards India's Green Revolution to jump start its agricultural output.
Despite being led by different presidents over the past six decades, the French government's policy on Africa has been faithful to its neo-colonial roots. Will Macron's government be any different?