Dr Roman-Urrestarazu trained as a physician specialising in Health Economics and Psychiatry. His research interests are related to developmental disorders such as Schizophrenia and ADHD. He is interested in the role that the cerebellum might have in expressing cognitive deficits and clinical symptoms, and how this developmental process is linked to working memory. He is also interest in the link between NCDs and mental health and how this might influence expenditure and health care utilisation. He has developed his research questions in large such as the 1986 NFBC and he is currently working in the Qatar Health Survey 2015. Other research interest include health economics modelling are mental health economics and insurance markets and pharmacoeconomics.
He is also the Gillings Fellow in Autism Research and Global Public Health at the University of Cambridge.