Bernard F.W. Loo is an Associate Professor at the S. Rajaratnam School of International Studies (RSIS), Nanyang Technological University. He completed his doctoral studies at the Department of International Politics at the University of Wales, Aberystwyth in 2002. He is concurrently the Coordinator of the Master of Science (Strategic Studies) degree programme. His research focuses on strategy and war, focusing in particular on small states and the challenges posed by technology. He is a regular commentator on defence matters, and his commentaries have appeared in a number of newspapers around Asia. He has been invited to speak at a variety of defence-related institutions and conferences, in China, Estonia, Finland, Japan, New Zealand, and the Philippines.