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Senior Lecturer in Physics, Nottingham Trent University

I completed my PhD in 2010 looking at the interaction of the Sun with the upper atmosphere of Venus. Since then I have held six postdoctoral contracts, covering medical imaging, solar physics, the Earth's radiation belts, lightning in tropical cyclones, X-ray astronomy, and X-ray observations of the Earth's magnetopause.

I currently teach at Nottingham Trent University, where I am responsible for astrophysics lectures, laboratory supervision, tutorials and student projects. I am very strongly interested in space science outreach, encouraging students and the public to take an interest in how our planet interacts with the solar system.

My additional research for student projects include off world living, and animal magnetosense.


  • 2017–present
    Senior lecturer, Nottingham Trent University
  • 2015–2016
    Postdoctoral fellow, University of Leicester
  • 2012–2014
    Postdoctoral fellow, University of Otago
  • 2011–2012
    Postdoctoral associate, University of St Andrews
  • 2010–2011
    Postdoctoral fellow, Institute of Cancer Research


  • 2010 
    University of Wales, Aberystwyth, PhD: Space Physics
  • 2006 
    University of Leicester, MPhys: Physics with Space Science and Technology


  • 2022
    Variability of ionospheric plasma: results from the ESA swarm mission, Advances in Space Research
  • 2022
    Electron density fluctuations from Swarm as a proxy for ground-based scintillation data: A statistical perspective, Advances in Space Research
  • 2016
    A model providing long-term data sets of energetic electron precipitation during geomagnetic storms, Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres
  • 2016
    Modeling magnetospheric X-ray emission from solar wind charge exchange with verification from XMM-Newton observations, Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics
  • 2016
    Solar Wind Charge Exchange Efficiency: empirical and experimental O7, O8 and O/H values, Geophysical Research Letters
  • 2015
    An examination of lightning flash rate as a predictor of tropical cyclone winds, Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres
  • 2015
    Ethnic differences in Otitis Media and Grommet insertion among New Zealand children aged 0-14 years, New Zealand Medical Journal
  • 2014
    Characteristics of precipitating energetic electron fluxes relative to the plasmapause, Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics
  • 2014
    The effects and correction of the geometric factor for the POES/MEPED electron flux instrument using a multi-satellite comparison, Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics
  • 2013
    Determining the spectra of radiation belt electron losses: Fitting DEMETER electron flux observations for typical and storm times, Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics
  • 2012
    The trans-terminator ion flow at Venus at solar minimum, Planetary and Space Science
  • 2012
    Propagating disturbances in coronal loops: A detailed analysis of propagation speeds, Solar Physics
  • 2010
    Venusian bow shock as seen by the ASPERA-4 IMA instrument on Venus Express, Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics
  • 2010
    Transient structures and stream interaction regions in the solar wind: EISCAT interplanetary scintillation, STEREO HI observations and Venus Express ASPERA-4 in-situ measurements, Solar Physics
  • 2010
    In-situ observations of a co-rotating interaction region at Venus identified by IPS and STEREO, Solar Physics
  • 2009
    A solar storm observed from the Sun to Venus using the STEREO, Venus Express and MESSENGER spacecraft, Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics