Kyle Mulrooney’s research is devoted to the sociological study of punishment and penal control. In particular, his Ph.D. dissertation explores the evolution of criminal justice policy in Canada with specific attention to the ways in which distinct and culturally embedded characteristics of individual nations are decisive in the shape and impact of penal policies. Following this line he has also taken an interest in the doping phenomenon, examining the consumption and regulation of human enhancement drugs, and in particular the trend towards zero-tolerance. Kyle Mulrooney holds a MA in the Sociology of Law from the International Institute for the Sociology of Law, Spain, and a BA (Honours) in Criminology and Justice from the University of Ontario Institute Of Technology, Canada. He is currently a Ph.D. Fellow with the Doctorate in Cultural and Global Criminology, an Erasmus Mundus program of the European Union.