Dr Shah joined the Law School as a lecturer in November 2006. He obtained his PhD from Queen's University Belfast in 2005. From January 2006, he was a Visiting Fellow at the Lauterpacht Research Centre for International Law, University of Cambridge. In 2004, he did internship in the Division for the Advancement of Women, Department of Economic and Social Affairs, United Nations, New York. He attended a short course in International Human Rights Law at the University of Nottingham in 2001. He was called to the Bar in 2000 and, in 2002, was admitted as an Advocate of the High Court in Pakistan. He also worked for UNHCR as a Protection Assistant and remained consultant of UNICEF-funded projects on the rights of women and children in Pakistan.
In 2013, Dr Shah was appointed as a Legal Adviser (Legal Framework Specialist) by the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) for Somalia. In 2012-13, Dr Shah worked as a Senior Security and Justice Expert for the EU Delegation to Pakistan on their Rule of Law Programme.
Dr Shah was Called to the Bar in 2014 by the Honourable Society of Lincoln's Inn.
Dr Shah was an expert witness in the following Country Guidance cases: KA and Others (domestic violence - risk on return)  UKUT 00216 and AJ (Risk to Homosexuals)  UKAIT 00001 before the Immigration and Asylum Chamber, UK. Dr Shah is one of the General Editors of the Journal of International Humanitarian Legal Studies.
Dr Shah is currently working on a research project called the Application of International Human Rights Law in Muslim States: The Case Study of Pakistan.