I am a physiologist by training, but with a deep interest in the interface of physiology with evolution, ecology and adaptation.

This interest has led me into an eclectic mix of research problems, including how alligators use blood to move heat around their bodies, how a bird embryo works with an incubating parent to manage heat flow through the egg, how black beetles, stone plants and trap-door spiders living in deserts manage their temperatures in the harsh environments they inhabit, and, most recently, how termites build structures to manage the physiology of their colonies.


  • –present
    Professor of Environmental and Forest Biology, State University of New York College of Environmental Science and Forestry