Over the past decade,Tony Taylor has worked closely with a wide range of colleagues to improve the standing of history education in Australia. In 1999 he was appointed Director of the Australian Government's National Inquiry into the Teaching and Learning of History and, from 2001-2007, he was Director of the Australian Government's National Centre for History Education. He has researched and published extensively in Australia and overseas in the field of history education, as well as in the fields of higher education policy, the politics of educational change, vocational education, rural education and history of education. From 2006 to 2012 he worked as senior consultant with successive Coalition and ALP federal governments in formulating three drafts of a national history curriculum.
Tony Taylor also developed national professional standards for the teaching and learning of history. His current research includes a 2010 award (with colleague A/Prof Joseph Zajda - Australian Catholic University) of an Australian Research Council Discovery grant (2011-2013) to conduct a comparative analysis of the political contexts for the development of history national curricula in Australia and Russia. He is also currently a partner Chief Investigator on a Deakin University ARC Linkage grant 2011-2013 on primary history pedagogy and the national curriculum.