Lecturer in International Relations, University of St Andrews

My research investigates questions in global finance and the global governance of financial criminality. Central to this work are the offshore financial centres of the Caribbean and the international campaigns to suppress international tax competition, counter money laundering and combat terrorist finance. There is more to the offshore financial centre than banks and the offshore bank accounts that establish them for some people as ‘tax havens’. The widespread use of an international business company, registered in the British Virgin Islands or Cayman Islands, as an investment vehicle behind foreign direct investment to China and elsewhere also situates the offshore financial centre in a global financial network between developed economies and developing economies. Published work investigates the impact of money laundering and terrorist finance regulation on banking in the Bahamas and migrant remittances in Kenya, the Philippines and the United Kingdom; analyses the connections between Caribbean offshore financial centres and China; and offers normative reflections on the location of small states in the global political economy and financial surveillance in the European Union and United States.


  • 2009–present
    Lecturer in International Relations, University of St Andrews
  • 2006–2008
    Lecturer in International Politics, Institute of Commonwealth Studies, University of London


  • 2006 
    London School of Economics and Political Science, PhD in International Relations
  • 1986 
    University of Alabama, M.A. in History
  • 1982 
    Ohio University, B.S in Computer Science
  • 1982 
    Ohio University, M.A. in Political Science
  • 1981 
    Honors Tutorial College, Ohio University, A.B. in Political Science


  • 2013
    From Road Town to Shanghai: situating the Caribbean in global capital flows to China, The British Journal of Politics and International Relations
  • 2013
    The global pursuit of tax revenue: would tax haven reform equal increased tax revenues in developing states?, Global Society
  • 2012
    Power and the practice of security to govern global finance, Review of International Political Economy
  • 2011
    Offshore finance in Ghana: why not?, Review of African Political Economy
  • 2010
    Money laundering prevention and small state development: insights from the case of the Bahamas, Commonwealth and Comparative Politics
  • 2010
    Byways and highways of direct investment: China and the offshore world, Journal of Current Chinese Affairs
  • 2009
    A Level Playing Field and the Space for Small States, Journal of International Relations and Development
  • 2009
    Behind an Offshore Mask: sovereignty games in the global political economy, Third World Quarterly
  • 2008
    Competitive or coercive? The experience of Caribbean offshore financial centres with global governance, The Round Table: The Commonwealth Journal of International Affairs
  • 2008
    A Leviathan Rejuvenated: Surveillance, Money Laundering, and the War on Terror, International Journal of Politics, Culture and Society
  • 2008
    Development vs. Terrorism: Money Transfers and EU Financial Regulations in the UK, The British Journal of Politics and International Relations
  • 2008
    Offshore Finance and Small States: Sovereignty, Size and Money, Palgrave Macmillan
  • 2007
    Why Worry? The Impact of the OECD Harmful Tax Competition Initiative for Caribbean Offshore Financial Centres, The Round Table: The Commonwealth Journal of International Affairs
  • 2004
    The OECD and Offshore Financial Centres: Rearguard Action Against Globalisation?, Global Change, Peace & Security

Research Areas

  • International Relations (160607)
  • International Economics And International Finance (140210)