Edward Jenner, who pioneered vaccination, and two colleagues (right) seeing off three anti-vaccination opponents, with the dead lying at their feet (1808).
I Cruikshank/Wellcome Images/Wikimedia Commons
Some people have objected to childhood vaccination since it was introduced in the late 1700s. And their reasons sound remarkably familiar to those of anti-vaxxers today.
Australians shelter from Japanese snipers in Borneo, 1945.
Australian War Memorial collection/Flickr
There are about 59,000 cards in archival boxes from the Red Cross's WW2 enquiry service. While their language is impersonal, the golden rule was to provide solace to soldiers' families, and fast.
A slave fortress in Cape Coast, Ghana.
AP Photo/Clement N'Taye
An online database explores the nearly 36,000 slave voyages that occurred between 1514 and 1866.
Penny Gulliver wrote to Germaine Greer several times over two decades.
University of Melbourne Archives, Germaine Greer Archive, 2014.0042.00350, Correspondence with Penny Gulliver
Fifty years of correspondence is stored at the Germaine Greer archive. It ranges across topics as diverse as US politics, grassroots feminism, gardening and Queen Victoria's underpants.
Both sea ice and government data are disappearing.
U.S. Geological Survey, flickr
Activists today are racing to save climate records from the Trump administration. Secret archives were a powerful way to fight hostile political climates throughout history – from the Nazis to the Islamic State.
This will be part of your permanent record.
The law says official presidential records must be preserved. How do tweets figure in – particularly when they're altered or deleted?
Ancient fermentation techniques are an example of African chemistry in action.
Knowledge is power. If you own it, you can control those without it. Since so much knowledge about Africa doesn't sit on the continent, it's apparent that Africa lacks power in this regard.
Gillian Armstrong’s 1971 student film The Roof Needs Mowing featured a bathtub full of baked beans.
VCA Film & Television School
In less than a decade, most people won't be able to play a VHS tape anymore. Let's farewell the humble tape, and celebrate the archives finding their way to digitisation and YouTube.
Hex code from the Blaster worm reveals the potential motivations of the worm’s creator.
How can archivists properly preserve computer programs often written specifically to destroy data?
Eastman Johnson’s ‘A Ride for Liberty’ (ca. 1862) depicts a family of slaves galloping for the safety of the North in the early morning light.
With Freedom on the Move, historians hope to reveal patterns of escape and capture, while giving anyone the chance to learn about the individual heroism of runaway slaves.
Radiokafka / Shutterstock.com
Libraries and archives have dealt with threats for centuries, but the growth of digital networks has created new hazards.
In the late 19th century, three brothers from New Hampshire drew uniforms for the military troops of their imaginary world.
One historian is plumbing the oft-discarded works of kids – from shipwreck tales to diary entries – to augment our understanding of U.S. history.
Woody Guthrie lived in Fred Trump’s Beach Haven apartment complex for two years.
Nick Lehr/The Conversation
In the 1950s, Woody Guthrie lived in one of Fred Trump's buildings. In newly discovered, never before published writings, Guthrie bitterly rails against the developer's color line.
Their Royal Heilnesses.
PA Archive/PA Archive
Two decades ago, MI5's archives were surrounded by secrecy like that of the royal archives. There's a reason this has changed.
Transgender is an umbrella term, encompassing a number of different identities and practices.
'Umbrella' via www.shutterstock.com
Transgender is a relatively new word. So when an academic seeks to create a transgender historical archive, complications abound.
The State Library of Victoria has received the greatest single bequest of rare books in its history.
The State Library of Victoria has received the greatest single bequest of rare books in its history, coupled with an endowment for the collection's preservation. No wonder book scholars are smiling.
We don’t send as many letters these days but, as historians know, there’s nothing quite as resilient.
Australians might now prefer to send emails over private letters but let's not overlook the letter’s unique, tactile role, particularly in its most intimate expressions.
Kilometres of these now fit in a few cubic inches of digital storage.
From the Domesday Book to modern government papers, the National Archives’ collection of more than 11m historical government and public records is one of the world’s largest. It includes paper and parchment…
Traditionally, audio-visual archives have emphasised preservation and put access second.
It goes without saying these are difficult times for the country’s museums and archives. In recent months, the National Library, War Memorial, Powerhouse Museum in Sydney, and others, have all flagged…
Some films were made to be projected – which is why we need our archives to make copies in their original formats available to scholars and fans.
Last month a major restructure at the National Film and Sound Archive (NFSA) in Canberra was announced, including a tranche of job cuts and the closure of the Arc cinema. Many in the film community were…