Timing is everything when it comes to making a decision about declaring a disease outbreak a public health emergency of international concern.
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The Ebola vaccine alone is not enough to deal with the outbreak in the DRC.
The current Ebola outbreak in the DRC is incredibly difficult to manage.
DRC President Felix Tshisekedi during the inauguration ceremony.
Hugh Kinsella Cunningham/EPA-EFE
The DRC president's direct involvement can rally people who have previously doubted the reality of the outbreak.
A man walk pass an Ebola awareness painting in downtown Monrovia, Liberia.
Do African decision-makers and leaders approach crises differently from counterparts elsewhere in the world?
A health worker prepares to administer Ebola vaccination in the north-western Democratic Republic of the Congo.
Uganda is the testing ground for a new vaccine that could work on more strains of the Ebola virus and other haemorrhagic fevers.
Health Workers treat a patient who is suspected of being infected by Ebola,
Flickr/World Bank/Vincent Tremeau
What happens when you have Ebola?
The vaccine coverage needed for herd immunity varies from disease to disease.
When a certain percentage of a population has been vaccinated, it prevents an infectious disease from spreading. But that threshold depends on the disease.
Dr Joseph Sempa of SACEMA presenting at the 2019 Clinic on Meaningful Modelling of Epidemiological Data.
Applied Epidemiological Modelling has enormous potential to improve how decisions are made about public health in African countries.
Women listening to UN police conducting an awareness campaign in Ebola hit North Kivu, DRC.
EPA-EFE/Hugh Kinsella Cunningham
A review of research on both the Ebola and Zika outbreaks, found less than 1% of published research discussed gender issues.
A worker of the Democratic Republic of Congo Health Ministry checks people’s temperature in Goma.
Ebola has now now spread to Goma – a city of 2m people.
Health officer on the front-line in the DRC.
The Ebola outbreak in the DRC has been declared a Public Health Emergency of International Concern. What does this mean for the outbreak response?
A health worker administers the Ebola vaccine.
The threat posed by measles is on the rise again in a number of countries in the world. One of them is the Democratic Republic of the Congo.
Countries can be better prepared and respond faster to disease outbreaks if public health data is shared more freely.
Sharing data openly across regions and organisations can help to accelerate preparedness and responses to public health emergencies.
A man pushes a wheelbarrow past a sign in Liberia during the West African Ebola outbreak.
A proper understanding of community dynamics and local beliefs can inform medical interventions that are capable of establishing positive and productive relations with local communities.
Border screening at Kenya’s Jomo Kenyatta International Airport.
Kenya appears prepared for Ebola outbreaks, but a lot more can be done.
An Ebola treatment centre in North Kivu where the outbreak’s epicentre is.
Borders are porous between North Kivu province of the DRC and neighbouring countries, so the potential for spread is highly likely.
Health workers from Bwera hospital prepare to transport the body of a fifty-year-old woman who died of Ebola to the burial site in Bwera, Uganda.
Ebola is difficult to contain because of human social and behavioural factors. But it can be if 100% of the infected people's contacts are identified and monitored.
Most cases go undetected.
Many cases of Ebola are missed entirely. Affected countries need to invest in primary healthcare and detection to nip outbreaks in the bud.
Burial of Ebola victims in the DRC.
EPA/HUGH KINSELLA CUNNINGHAM
Vaccines against Ebola exist, as do diagnostic tests and screening at border crossings. So why is the disease spreading?