The bacteria in a mother's breast milk are important because it helps develop a baby's gut. Research shows this bacteria are different depending on where mothers live and what they eat.
Only 28% of working women across the globe are fully protected by maternity laws that provide for time off work with full pay.
Several indigenous child-rearing practices have helped babies develop strong immune systems to ward off allergies. These should be actively promoted.
South Africa's programmes preventing HIV transmission from mothers to children have been hugely successful. But there are still gaps that need to be filled.
Over the last three years Kenya has seen marked improvements in its nutrition-related targets as a result of a national nutrition plan it has implemented.