Bycatch: penguins can easily drown in nets designed to ensnare fish.
NZ Ministry of Fisheries
Penguins in New Zealand, Australia and elsewhere face an uncertain future as a new review documents the number accidentally ensnared in fishing nets.
Lake Victoria sustains about 200,000 fishers.
Social ties between Lake Victoria's fisherfolk are critical for gaining access to credit, employment, maintaining reliable and skilled labour and access to markets.
Scientists call large marine protected areas effective tools for conserving sea life. But do they benefit countries that create them? Scholars explain how Palau's huge marine protected area seeks to protect resources for Palauans.
Closed on November 24.
On Black Friday, November 24, outdoor retailer REI will close its stores and urge customers to #OptOutside. But a historian calls this popular campaign light green environmentalism at best.
Marine waters are an important source of food for Inuit.
The North Water Polynya, or Pikialasorsuag, is a key ocean area for Arctic animals and for Inuit hunting and fishing. Rocket launches threaten to contaminate the area with harmful chemicals.
Ern McQuillan, Tuna Fishing at Eden, New South Wales, 1960.
National Library of Australia
The history of fisheries exploitation in Australia reveals a staggering natural bounty, which has been alarmingly fragile without proper management.
Interior Secretary Ryan Zinke has proposed shrinking Oregon’s Cascade-Siskiyou National Monument and allowing more public access and road maintenance.
Environmental law and natural resource experts respond to Interior Secretary Ryan Zinke's proposals to shrink four national monuments and allow logging, fishing and other activities in six more.
Snapper is one of the fish under New Zealand’s Quota Management system.
New Zealand’s fisheries are considered among the best managed in the world, but this perception doesn't match the facts.
Orca family group at the Bremer Canyon off WA’s south coast.
The government aims to dramatically reduce the areas offered full protection and expand zones where fishing is allowed, while also claiming that this will still deliver good conservation.
This wood tower on Bikeman islet, in the central Pacific island nation of Kiribati, used to be on the sand. Now it’s in the water. Further out, locals fish.
A new study finds that even in best-case scenarios, the fishing communities most hurt by climate change are on small island nations such as Kiribati, the Solomon Islands and the Maldives.
There are a number of ways the global community can protect the oceans.
The UN Ocean Conference provides a golden opportunity for countries to present their aspirations for sustainably growing their 'blue' economies.
A man fishing from a dock in Fajardo, Puerto Rico.
AP Photo/Ricardo Arduengo
At society's margins, people without access to the mainstream job economy are able to carve out lives rich in other resources and community.
Many African countries are sitting on vast and under-utilised oceanic territories that have the potential to unlock enormous economic value, if properly governed.
This newborn fiddler ray will be released back into the ocean. But will it survive?
Rays caught unintentionally by fishing trawlers often spend time on deck before being returned to the ocean. New research shows the stress of this experience affects pregnant rays, and their babies.
Changes in governance in the Arctic region could supply an example of how the two global powers can cultivate a peaceful co-existence.
Mothers and children handlining for fish in the evening in Kavieng, Papua New Guinea.
Coastal indigenous peoples consume nearly four times more seafood per capita than the world average and have strong cultural ties to the sea. Global ocean policies should preserve these connections.
State conservation officials from Florida and Georgia work in 2014 to remove a heavy length of fishing rope from a right whale’s mouth.
FL Fish and Wildlife Conservation Commission/Flickr
A new US seafood import rule requires supplier countries to control accidental bycatch of whales, seals and other marine mammals – showing that global trade and conservation can reinforce each other.
Fishermen had to discard their excess fish – or risk capsizing.
Next year the Ross Sea will be home to the world’s largest marine reserve.
Andrew Mandemaker/Wikimedia Commons
After years of stalled negotiations, China has ended its opposition to the world's largest marine park off Antarctica - part of a wider trend towards increased Chinese involvement in global governance.
Fish caught just outside the Marine Protected Area (MPA) area in Tikina Wai, Fiji.
© Brent Stirton / Getty Images
Melanesia's oceans are worth at least US$5.4 billion, but are under increasing threat.