Teeth covered in pits were common in the 2m-year-old species Paranthropus robustus.
What’s the best way to put the brakes on current research?
Scientists and ethicists have called for a five-year moratorium on editing human genes that will pass on to future generations. Yes, society needs to figure out how to proceed – but is this the best way?
The concept of a shared inheritable risk underlying mental illnesses could lead to a new paradigm shift in drug discovery,
Mental health is impacted by both genetic and environmental factors. But new research reveals that many mental health disorders may flow from early disturbances in fetal development.
Gene editing a fertilized human embryo.
Scientists worldwide are calling for a moratorium on gene editing in germline cells. But what is a germline cell? How does it differ from other cells in our body? Why does it matter if we edit them?
Nearly 20 years ago, Bill Clinton said that sequencing the human genome would give us a "new power to heal".
New technology means accessing new information from ancient human remains, some which have been in collections for decades.
Ancient DNA allows scientists to learn directly from the remains of people from the past. As this new field takes off, researchers are figuring out how to ethically work with ancient samples and each other.
Of more than 500 species of sharks in the world’s oceans, scientists have only sequenced a handful of genomes – most recently, white sharks.
Why do scientists spend so much time and money mapping the DNA of species like white sharks? Single studies may offer insights, but the real payoff comes in comparing many species to each other.
16p11.2 deletion or duplication syndrome occurs in three out of every 10,000 people.
Genetically engineered mice are invaluable for learning about human disease.
When geneticists create mice with special traits, there is no way to be sure that they will be inherited by the offspring. But a new genetic tool called a gene drive may fix the problem.
Evidence shows that the growth of air pollutants – as well as rising temperatures, increased rain and flooding – connect breast cancer with climate change.
Most cases of breast cancer are related to environmental causes. When we talk about climate change, we must not forget this part of the story.
Scientists edge closer to truly personalised medicine thanks to advances in genome sequencing.
Erectile dysfunction can take the light out of men’s lives.
Discovering a genetic basis for erectile dysfunction that is linked to Type-2 diabetes will make it easier to identify those at risk – and novel treatments.
Wagyu cattle for scale.
An Australian steer named Knickers broke the internet this week. The heavyweight Holstein-Friesian weighs as much as a small car, but genetically speaking he's within the normal range (just).
We previously thought mitochondrial DNA could only be passed on by mothers.
Why does it cost so much to put a tea in a pot of hot water, anyway?
How did you start today – tea or coffee? Or neither? A study of more than 400,000 men and women links specific genes for tasting bitter flavours like caffeine with hot beverage consumption.
Genetic research on human behaviour has long been linked with eugenics and continues to attract interest from far-right groups.
Children grow up to look somewhat like their parents.
Every human carries an instruction booklet with a very special code, called DNA. Our eyes cannot read the code, but our bodies can. The code tells our body what to do and how to look.
Eighty years ago, Seabiscuit trounced Triple Crown winner War Admiral.
The US went crazy for Seabiscuit when he won his famous 1938 match race against War Admiral. Now researchers are investigating the thoroughbred's DNA to see what made him such an unlikely success.
The chances of your genetic data being recorded by the state depend on who you are.
People exposed to low levels of sunlight are more likely to have MS than those who live in warm climates.
Young women are disproportionately affected by multiple sclerosis, a disease where the body attacks the brain, scrambling communication to the rest of the body. Here's what we know about the causes.