An ivory ban in the US had a series of unintended consequences.
Local and indigenous communities remain mostly excluded from real benefits, and conservation often comes at a huge cost to them.
Ivory from illegally-poached elephants can easily be mistaken for antique.
Rhino horn trade continues to be a highly lucrative business across the world.
Organised crime always looks for new ways to make money. And zoo animals are an easy target.
Keeping non-native reptiles as pets is against the law – with good reason. Alien species traded on the black market can potentially establish themselves in the wild if they are released or escape.
The ivory trade is a very contentious issue and will be debated at CITES. It will revolve around maintaining or lifting the ban on trade. But the human element is likely to be ignored.
The CITES conference on international wildlife trade could determine whether these animals have a viable future.
Many scientific names have changed since China's 'protected species list' was last updated in 1989.