Childhood trauma is far more pervasive and injurious than many people know. Its effects last long into adulthood, if left untreated. A trauma psychiatrist unpacks its effects on the developing brain.
Childhood trauma impacts women's health and can be passed from parent to child. New research shows that when new mothers feel supported, the risk of pregnancy complications is reduced.
Adverse childhood events can not only cause lasting psychological effects but also learning problems. That, in turn, worsens health outcomes, as literacy is an integral part of health care.
Poor experiences in childhood can have a lifelong effect on health. How can caregivers help prepare children to handle past and future trauma?
The call to action to address childhood vulnerability in Africa must go far beyond the 17.8 million children infected and affected by HIV.