German citizens in Magdeburg the morning after Kristallnacht.
German Federal Archive
Eight decades on, the thought of the state encouraging people to attack groups of citizens is hard to believe. Here are some books that might help.
A man adds his comments to a spontaneous memorial of flowers and sidewalk writing that has appeared a block from the Tree of Life Synagogue on Monday, Oct. 29. A gunman shot a killed 11 people while they worshipped at the synagogue the Saturday before.
Gene J. Puskar/AP Photo
To grasp how extraordinary evils are often committed by ordinary people, we need to consider how we define evil, and most importantly, whom we consider to be the agents of evil.
Former US president Barack Obama delivers a speech in Kenya ahead of his visit to South Africa.
Barack Obama is delivering the Nelson Mandela lecture in a changing world dominated by the often outrageous utterances of his successor, US President Donald Trump.
Leni Riefenstahl as war correspondent in Poland 1939, wearing a Wehrmacht uniform.
German Federal Archives
The controversial German film-maker was celebrated for her groundbreaking work, but the fact remains she was a prominent Nazi propagandist.
German Federal Archives
As Hitler showed in 1936, there's nothing like a massive sporting spectacle to promote your regime.
Making of a demagogue.
The Nazi fuhrer's story about his 'resurrection' in 1918 is an important lesson for today.
A 1969 photo of political theorist and scholar Hannah Arendt.
Hannah Arendt, a political theorist, fled Germany during Adolf Hitler's rise to power and later wrote about ‘the banality of evil.’ Her work has recently become a best-seller. Here's why.
A woman stands near an exhibit of photographs of victims of the Holocaust called the ‘Klarsfeld Pillars’ in New York.
Can the Nazis be forgiven? A rabbi explains why this question needs a more profound examination of some of Judaism's deepest ethical mores and theological beliefs
Benito Mussolini and Adolf Hitler in Munich, Germany.
National Archives Collection of Foreign Records Seized, 1675 - 1958
In the 1920s and early 1930s, American journalists tended to put the ascendant fascists on a normal footing.
Million of Germans gather to show faith in the Hitler regime, 1933.
The reboot of the Nazi salute should not be taken lightly, given its history of hatred and genocide.
The building in Braunau Am Inn, Austria, where Hitler was born.
In the past, demolishing the dictator's residences created a void exploited by Nazi sympathizers.
Adolf Hitler and his entourage take a stroll in Paris on June 23, 1940.
German Federal Archives/Wikimedia Commons
One publisher spent over 40 years trying to profit off Hitler’s hateful tome.
Whither Europe after Brexit?
Those who favour Brexit imply it would be followed either by a European superstate or the collapse of the EU. Here's why neither is in UK's interests.
Godwin’s Law? Bring it on.
EPA/Erik S Lesser
Carl Schmitt rejected the Nazis, but his political philosophy paved the way for the likes of Donald Trump and Vladimir Putin.
The amazing alternative world of Benjamin Netanyahu.
The Israeli PM's 'big lie' about Hitler and the Grand Mufti of Jerusalem was of a piece with Netanyahu's history of making false and misleading claims.
The Grand Mufti of Jerusalem, Amin al-Husseini, met with Adolf Hitler in 1941.
Bundesarchiv Bild 146-1987-004-09A, Amin al Husseini und Adolf Hitler" by Bundesarchiv, Bild 146-1987-004-09A / Heinrich Hoffmann
The Israeli prime minister's comments that an Arab leader convinced Hitler to carry out the Holocaust are a distortion of history.
Every year thousands of students read George Orwell’s 1984 and are doubtless convinced that its perspective on language and power is “definitive”. Except that it’s not; and hasn’t been since at least the 1970s.
Manuel Harlan/Melbourne Festival
Many still regard George Orwell’s 1984 and its message about the nature of language and power "definitive". But globalisation has revolutionised how we communicate; 1984 tells us nothing about our future.
Moral judgment should not be based on knowledge that comes only from hindsight.
The film 13 Minutes dramatises an attempt by Georg Elser to assassinate Hitler in 1939, to prevent the war the Führer was preparing for. How clear-cut was the moral justification for that act?
Discovering the other is in the Albert Hall?
Hitler died 70 years ago. Or did he?
Adolf Hitler gives the Nazi salute in 1939.
Image of Hitler by Shutterstock
Would a reprint of Mein Kampf impact a digital generation reared on "Hi Hitler" spoofs?