Former Chadian president Hissène Habré's fate will be sealed by the appeals judgment in a part domestic and international trial bringing closure to victims and human rights champions after a 20 years.
The African pushback is as a result of the ICC's own Africa strategy.
The African Union sees Africa as a sealed off geographic entity. Yet it remains remarkably quiet about the many bits of Africa that are geographically part of it but do not consider it their home.
The African Union is changing the way it does business. Its new reforms, led by Rwandan President, Paul Kagame, call for fewer strategic priorities and addressing bureaucratic bottlenecks.
The adoption of the African Charter on Democracy, Elections and Governance five years ago raised hopes for a new democratic Africa. But its ideals remain elusive for many parts of the continent.
Barack Obama's high standing in sub-Sahara Africa persisted despite grumbling that he never delivered American largess to the degree many initially expected.
There’s still hope South Sudan can avoid becoming a full failed state. This will require radical changes in Juba's mindset and bolder action from regional and international players.
The court needs to address charges of neo-colonialism.
Dlamini-Zuma is an ambiguous, ambitious figure, an operator and bureaucrat with good credentials. But, she offers nothing new and can't shake off claims that she's just a shoe-in for her ex-husband.
South Africa considers itself to be playing a key role in promoting the 'African Agenda' in continental and world affairs. But perceptions in the rest of Africa tell a different story.
The Global Trends report provides a useful starting point to reflect on what's in store for Africa over the next five years. And how the continent should think about responding to its challenges.
There is a real sense of optimism in The Gambia: for the first time since Yahya Jammeh came to power, there has been open dissent of the regime and a feeling of ownership of the country’s future.
Africa needs to learn from the experiences of others who have negotiated free trade pacts. In particular it needs to ensure its process is inclusive and does not pander to a few special interests.
South Africa's decision to leave the ICC suggests that its foreign policy is caught in a dilemma between lofty ideas, an unsettled identity crisis, and shifting priorities in a complex world.
As long as the EU strikes deals with dictators and pushes trade agreements that worsen the economic situation in many African countries, attempts to reduce migratory pressure will fail.
The world's best known talk show host has become the president-elect of the most powerful country in the world. Trump running the US is unlikely to be good news for Africa.
Ironically the campaign to withdraw from the ICC was mainly initiated by the very same governments and heads of state that had earlier referred cases to the ICC when it suited their own interests.
The ICC has made important advances by investigating cases outside Africa and completing ones that further define what is not allowed in war. South Africa’s withdrawal is concerning, but not fatal.
The initiative to establish an African Humanitarian Agency is a welcome one. But political, technical and financial support will matter. This will require the AU to take a pragmatic approach. Can it?
The UK plays a crucial role in how the European Union engages with African nations. Post referendum, political and diplomatic norms will have to be re-imagined.