While clear-eyed about the country's injustices, Melville never succumbed to cynicism. On the author's bicentennial, American readers could use a dose of his ability to fuse realism with idealism.
In a time of populist momentum to 'build a wall', your front fence says more than you think.
Emile Durkheim helped to lay the foundations of sociological thought and theory. He spoke of our current condition as being influenced by social structures and institutions.
Marx believed that exploitation of workers and of nature went hand-in-hand.