When the establishment retains some leverage over reformers change can be slow, superficial, and short-lived. Sudan appears to be a textbook case of this scenario.
The High Court's ruling goes against the trend of greater liberalisation in a number of African countries.
Angola's new President João Lourenço has shown some willingness to engage in more inclusive politics.
Controversy around Winnie Madikizela-Mandela continues in death as it did in life.
Pik Botha defended apartheid and South Africa's occupation of Namibia, but in the end helped end both.
Southern Africa's liberation movements have been losing popularity and confronting a crisis of legitimacy.
There are hundreds of variations on the basic 'flavour' of bird migration.
Too often developments in one country are seen in isolation. In southern Africa events in one affect others in the region.
The Rwandan model can't be replicated easily given that it depends heavily on political dominance and tight, centralised control of patronage networks.
Migrants leave poor countries for a better life in richer ones. But the migration of Portuguese to Angola after Europe's 2008 financial crisis shows how roles can be reversed.
The ANC's elective conference is important for the party and South Africa. This is because the person chosen to lead the governing party since 1994, has gone on to become president.
The political crisis in Zimbabwe reveals the shortcomings of African intergovernmental organisations and their (in)capacity to guarantee democratic functioning in the member states.
The limited "consultative and advisory powers" of the Pan African Parliament hamper the African Union's ability to achieve a prosperous and peaceful Africa as envisioned in its Agenda 2063.
Are we witnessing the end of an era in which dictators stayed in power for decades? If so this must be good not only for Angola and Zimbabwe but for southern Africa as a whole.
Policy choices made by Senegal, Ghana, Rwanda, Angola, Cameroon, Ethiopia and Togo over the past 15 years have led to significant reductions in child undernourishment.
Elephants have the highest count of olfactory receptor genes of any species tested to date. This suggests that they may be the best smellers in the animal kingdom.
Archaeology is not only about stones and bones: it is mainly about the people of the past. DNA is one way to get from the stones and the bones to the people and their stories.
Angola's recent election results showed the ruling MPLA losing support across the country. If opposition claims are to be taken seriously, the losses could be more severe than they appear.
Angola's president-elect, João Lourenço, has a reputation for relative probity. But, he's unlikely to rock the boat as Eduardo dos Santos remains party chairman.
Health care systems in many African countries are very poor. Instead of fixing them, many African leaders seek medical attention abroad incurring huge bills which are ultimately paid by taxpayers.