Most common childhood cancers are leukemia and Hodgkin lymphoma.
Most children who have cancer live in the developing world where their survival rate is less than 25%. In Kenya awareness about childhood cancer is low and treatment isn't always readily available.
Radiotherapy treats cancer by directing beams of high energy x-rays at the tumour.
Getting the right amount of radiation is a fine balance between therapy and harm. A common way to improve the benefit-to-cure ratio is to fire multiple beams at the tumour from different directions.
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The well-used drug clomipramine could target tumour cells and leave normal cells healthy – if scientists could get enough evidence for it.
Glioblastomas are often resistant to the one type of drug that breaks the blood-brain barrier.
Glioblastoma is an aggressive form of brain cancer that has a very poor prognosis. Despite the current best therapies half its sufferers survive for 15 months and less than 5% are alive after 5 years.
Side effects of brain tumour treatment can impact upon academic learning.
Early intervention in neurocognition and communication can address communication and cognition difficulties in survivors of childhood brain cancer and increase their quality of life.
Malignant tumours known as medulloblastoma account for more deaths in children than leukaemia.
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