Eventually reduced rainfall hit much of Australia thanks to El Niño.
From floods to drought, fire to famine, the 2015-16 El Nino has had a global impact.
Victoria’s wildflowers: best enjoyed up close.
Victoria's volcanic plains offer fertile ground for grasslands teeming with wildflowers. But that same fertility has also made the plains a tempting target for grazers and growers, and developers too.
Alpine meadows are a pretty rare sight in Australia.
The alpine landscapes of Australia's southeast and Tasmania are home to hundreds of rare plants and animals. They're healthy for now, but need careful looking after.
Ranger Ray Nadjamerrek demonstrates early dry season burning techniques in West Arnhem Land, Australia.
Warddeken Land Management.
Wildfire makes up about 4% of the greenhouse gases added to the atmosphere each year.
Bushfires and heatwaves are expected to increase and significantly impact on Australian cities and urban communities.
How well does the 'smart' city respond to the devastating scale and impact of urban heat threats such as bushfires and heatwaves?
Throw another one on. Researchers tested plant flammability using a blow torch and barbecue.
You might think having trees around your home is the worst idea during a bushfire, but some plants can actually help repel fire.
Leatherwood flowers give Tasmanian honey its unique taste.
Tasmania's bushfires have hurt not only the state's forests, but also the honey industry that depends on access to the region's unique trees.
An indigenous ranger burns vegetation in Arnhem Land, Northern Territory.
AAP Image/Peter Eve
European invasion completely disrupted the way aboriginal Australians managed fire. Learning from Australia's first people could help us fight fires in the future.
The numbat, Australia’s equivalent of a meerkat, is one of the unique mammal species confined to the south west.
Sean Van Alphen
South west Australia is home to an astonishing number of plants and some of the country's weirdest wildlife. Now we need to protect it.
Indigenous Australians continue to manage fire in a way that reduces the risk to property and people.
AAP Image/Peter Eve
Every year homes are lost in bushfires. But what if we build our houses to withstand fire?
Extreme fire events are pushing Australian wildlife towards extinction.
Recent bushfires have not just destroyed human lives and property, but pushed some species further down the path to extinction.
Fires are increasing: time to prepare.
Fire image from www.shutterstock.com
New data analysis shows bushfires have increased by 40% in the past five years.
CSIRO has contributed to surprising discoveries in climate science. Pictured here is the research ship RV Investigator.
AAP Image/University of Tasmania
CSIRO's climate science has contributed a number of important, and unexpected, findings.
The devastation of bushfires gives way to the hope of new life – usually.
William Strutt, Black Thursday, 1864. Via State Library of Victoria.
Bushfires are an integral part of the Australian landscape and psyche. These awesome forces are part of the cycle of renewal, but how can art help us come to terms with increasingly destructive fires?
Fighting fires in remote wilderness requires a different way of thinking.
Fires in Tasmania have burnt thousands of hectares of wilderness. Other remote fires it's better to put them out quickly.
Pencil pines are found nowhere else in the world, and are extremely sensitive to fire.
Bushfires are threatening Tasmania's World Heritage area and ancient plants, warning us of a possible future under climate change.
Rural southern Australia has been drying out over the past several decades. Pictured here, Burra in South Australia.
Australia is the land of drought of flooding rains, driven by events such as El Nino. But despite this variability, some parts of Australia are clearly drying out.
116 houses were lost at Wye River in Victoria, but nobody was killed.
AAP Image/Julian Smith
The Christmas Day fires that struck the Victorian town of Wye River are an example of how to get emergency responses right.
The town of Yarloop was engulfed by an inferno on January 9.
AAP Image/Department of Fire and Emergency Services
Why do people still die in bushfires? Recent fires have triggered a debate about emergency warnings.
A hot end of the year contributed to Christmas Day fires in Victoria.
AAP Image/Keith Pakenham
El Niño dominated global climate in 2015, but in Australia the story was more complicated. 2015 was Australia's fifth warmest year on record, and saw the return of very dry conditions to parts of Australia.