It's still rare for cases of coercive control to reach prosecution.
According to a study by Parity, more than 40% of domestic violence victims are male.
New laws are often seen as an answer in tackling intimate partner violence, but our research shows it is not always the best response.
If even top judges can get it wrong when it comes to domestic abuse then perhaps it's time we all tried to better understand the nature of coercive and controlling behaviour.
The way evidence and testimony is used in court makes it very hard to prove a relationship is coercive.