The absence of a strong government in Mali
allows jihadists to enter new areas and flourish.
Nigeria is far from ready to hold a credible ballot in 2019.
A big rise in armed attacks in the Sahel - and the intensity of the attacks in recent years - is now seen as a major source of concern.
Europe is at a crossroads in how it integrates religious minorities. But there are lessons to be learned beyond liberal secularism.