Sydney has the longest average daily commuting time of 71 minutes, closely followed by Brisbane and Melbourne.
Average commuting times for Australians have increased by 23% in 15 years. And those with long commutes are less satisfied with their work, working hours, work-life balance and even pay.
Many commuters already travel from regional cities to work in capital cities like Melbourne so what impacts will fast rail have?
While governments focus on how to ease congestion and make affordable housing more accessible for workers in our biggest cities, fast rail could be a mixed blessing for regional cities.
The stress of commuting by car can affect workers’ well-being and productivity.
Workers with long commutes are more likely to become sick. They also receive less net income (after deducting travel costs) and less leisure time.
Sydney CBD is highly accessible and remains clearly the dominant centre in the metropolitan region.
When a city gets to a certain size, it starts to make sense to have multiple centres of activity, and three are planned for Sydney. So what needs to be done to bring the city closer to this goal?
Pedestrians walking along Bridge Street to Erskineville station in Sydney could take advantage of an extra southern entrance, as could many people now choosing not to catch the train.
Chris Standen, used with permission
In Sydney, 44 of 178 train stations have a single side entrance. It adds up to 12 minutes of daily travel time for people walking the long way to their platform. It's enough to make some drive instead.
With more than a million Australians using public transport to get to work each day, demand for car parking at the station is virtually insatiable.
The Commuter Car Park Fund announced in the budget sounds big, but is likely to create only around 30,000 extra spaces – a marginal benefit for Australia's 1.2 million daily public transport users.
This narrow street, lined with parked cars but devoid of people, is both unwelcoming and unsafe for cyclists.
Minorities are driving the bicycling boom, but bike infrastructure investments often neglect their needs. A new study explores what riders in low-income and minority neighborhoods want.
With more cyclists and bike-related fatalities, Toronto city council should consider public safety.
Build it and they will come: when cities plan for bike lanes, it results in more bicyclists and encourages a bicycle economy.
We’ve got this.
There is a wide problem with the way society talks about gender equality.
Another election, another infrastructure promise – in the Andrews government’s case, a $50 billion suburban rail loop.
In the election bidding wars, parties commit billions to transport projects, often before all the work needed to justify these has been done. More cost-effective alternatives hardly get a look-in.
Brisbane has half the population of Sydney and Melbourne, but all three cities have very similar commute distances and times.
Urban growth has had much less impact on commuting distances and times than media reports would suggest. The explanations include jobs being widely dispersed and residents' adaptable decision-making.
Building more roads will not help reduce congestion.
Busting congestion requires some creativity - and evidence-based methods. Here are four of these.
Riding your bike is by far the healthiest way of getting around.
What's your risk of dying if you cycle to work, versus the health benefits? What about walking, or driving, or catching a train? Here are the risks and benefits.
Commuting has become such a routine part of our daily lives that we don’t stop to think about what it may offer us.
We see the daily commute as a waste of time. But there's another way to see the experience: a whole life in the events and memories we form during these journeys, which change us as human beings.
People use share bikes for many reasons, including health benefits and even because they like the design.
Richard Masoner/Bay Area Bike Share launch in San Jose CA/Flickr
Urban planners often hope bike-share schemes might reduce reliance on cars and help with congestion. But very few of those who use share bikes have switched from driving.
Daily routine affects how much polluted air we breathe.
The problem of having jobs on one side of the latte line and housing growth on the other is driving the Greater Sydney Commission’s plans for the city.
In Sydney, a 'latte line', that runs from the airport to Parramatta and up to the northwest, divides white-collar jobs from blue-collar jobs. This perpetuates inequality.
Even using public transport is better for your health than travelling by car.
Have Australian commuters really enjoyed gains in quality of life that would justify all those billions of dollars spent on transport infrastructure?
We spend on average about an hour a day travelling. Given this is unlikely to change, how can we make this time more productive and enjoyable?
Only in a few active travel strongholds, typically in the inner city, do Australian cycling and walking rates get close to those in Europe.
A comparison of Australian cities reveals cyclists and walkers are still very much a minority of commuters, despite the economic, health and environmental costs. Action on three fronts is needed.