An advertisement for breast implants in Sydney in 2015. Advertisements often promote a ‘natural’ ideal of beauty, even when advocating surgical intervention.
Many historic ideas about women's beauty - from prizing firm breasts to emphasising the 'natural' - continue to resonate today.
Some doctors’ websites make false claims to encourage women to have genital cosmetic surgery.
Some doctors' websites give the impression that women's genitals that diverge from the "ideal" need surgery. This is nonsense – genitals are as diverse as our faces.
The number of people going under the knife for a big bum is increasing – but it carries the highest risk of death in any cosmetic surgery.
A plastic surgery-themed magazine is displayed in a Brazil storefront.
Who's really benefiting from a health care system that provides free or low-cost plastic surgeries for the poor?
The nose isn’t going under the knife like it once did.
People who’ve gotten nose jobs are also trying to revert to a more natural look.
Intersectionality in action: Brazilian women are organizing across class and race lines to decry inequality in a country that remains deeply ‘machista.’
Before #MeToo, Brazilian women launched #MyFirstHarrassment and marched for racial equality. Today, this feminist resurgence is tackling health care, plastic surgery, violence and more.
Beauty is still understood as a process of ongoing work and maintenance.
The history of dangerous cosmetics shows us the harms that women have suffered to meet expectations of what is beautiful.
We shouldn’t have to wait for a disaster to make sure anaesthetics are properly regulated.
After the tragic death of a young woman undergoing a cosmetic procedure, people are rightly asking who should be able to administer anaesthetics.
A booming beauty industry is changing the way we see our bodies.
The pressures of perfection.
The highest rates of body dysmorphic disorder are found among people seeking help from cosmetic surgeons, cosmetic dermatologists and other such specialists.
To not screen, and then deliver cosmetic procedures to people who may have body dysmorphic disorder, goes against the medical dictum "first do no harm".
Cosmetic surgery among men is on the rise.
Breast reduction surgery is popular now, but skin reduction may be the next big thing.
Patients report not being effectively anaesthetised during liposuction procedures to extract stem cells from fat.
Due to a lack of effective regulations, there is little oversight of "stem cell treatments" and the businesses that provide them.
Visionary: Ivo Pitanguy.
The Brazilian who transformed the face of plastic surgery.
Cosmetic surgery booms are happening around the world. Here are some key augmentations.
New cosmetic surgery guidelines need to go further in specifying qualifications required to call yourself a cosmetic surgeon.
The use of the title cosmetic surgeon and the facility in which the surgery is performed remain untouched in new cosmetic surgery guidelines for doctors.
American advertisement for non-surgical nose correction.
Surgical makeovers might seem a modern phenomenon but they have a long and disturbing history: from 16th century skin grafts done without anaesthesia to reductions of "primitive" large breasts.
If surgery is a third of the price elsewhere, it can be a tempting option.
All surgery is risky, so undergoing surgery in a foreign country adds to those risks.
Trendy - but at what cost?
Seriously though - can fashion really damage your health?
Doctors’ commercial interests are a powerful disincentive for them to establish licensed facilities with all the checks and balances.
Cosmetic surgery in Australia is a billion dollar industry that has been allowed to grow with scant regulation.
Drawing the line.
Facelift by Shutterstock
Cosmetic surgery is one of the fastest-growing sectors of the medical industry, worth US$2.3 billion in 2010 and forecast to grow to $3.6 billion in 2015. Of this, non-surgical procedures, which include…