Now the war is over, academia has a special role to play in securing the peace.
A court decision securing last year's peace deal and a new ceasefire have invigorated Colombia's peace process, but there are plenty of ways it could still go wrong.
It seems the culprits in a "cash-for-kills" scheme that claimed thousands of lives might find a way to wriggle out of the peace process.
Meet the Commoners' Alternative Revolutionary Force, Colombia's newest political party. To move beyond its violent past, the new FARC will need a charismatic leader who can win over voters.
The last time the FARC joined in democratic politics, thousands of its members and leaders were murdered. Will this time be different?
It is a delicate – and dangerous – moment for one of the world's most ecologically important nations.
Ending violence is only a first step. Research from Colombian universities sheds light on the role of education in peace-building.
Demilitarised female guerrillas in Colombia are hoping to spark a new women's movement based in the FARC's revolutionary ideals.
The world will be watching the country's courts.
Delays in setting up disarmament camps for former guerillas have cast doubt on the Colombian government's commitment to peace. But the real problem is its national history.
An academic who has worked with the Colombian government says the path to peace was opened by improving quality of life for vulnerable populations.
The South American nation is poised to end its 52-year civil war after a halting peace process that has used the weapons of both war and democracy.
Colombia's deal with the FARC means third parties implicated in international crimes could at last face justice.
Scholars share their research with former combatants in Colombia, after a majority of Colombians voted against a peace deal. Can understanding reintegration help peace negotiations move forward?
A week of extreme emotions in Colombia ends with a Nobel Peace Prize for its president. But will it help the country avoid descending back into civil war?
The voters may have said no to the deal struck with the FARC, but Juan Manuel Santos and his fellow negotiators intend to keep going.
Few Colombians who have been displaced by violence voted on the peace deal from abroad. An expert in conflict resolution explains why their voices must be part of the peace process.
A look through the ballot papers shows the declared result in Colombia's crucial vote is far from definitive.
Given their chance to ratify a deal to end a 60-year war, less than 40% of Colombians voted – and they threw it out.
Women's involvement in armed conflict in Peru and Colombia has a deep impact on societies. But peace processes and political aftermath rarely recognise their role.