Religious conversion sometimes has the added bonus of upward social mobility. But for many in South Africa's Indian community it had the opposite effect.
Since the 1920s Pentecostal churches have had a major impact in South Africa's Indian community. Their converts have grown larger than all the other Christian denominations put together.
The furore over atheism in Kenya comes at a time of slow but steady growth in the number of people unaffiliated to any religion, thanks to religious discontent and access to scientific knowledge.
Hindu nationalists may be in government, but they'll never have a monopoly on India's civic religion.
Whenever we talk about refraining from things, it is bound up with piety and martyrdom. A different approach could help realign us with the planet.